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Citation and Bibliography Help

Citation Styles

APA (American Psychological Association)

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We recommend using Purdue Online Writing Lab's APA Formatting & Style Guide. It will tell you how to format your paper, create inline citations and cite your sources using APA.
 
 
 

MLA (Modern Language Association)

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We recommend using Purdue Online Writing Lab's MLA Formatting & Style Guide. It will tell you how to format your paper, create inline citations and cite your sources using MLA.
 
Want the book?

MLA handbook for writers of research papers

 

Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago We recommend using Purdue Online Writing Lab's Chicago Manual of Style Guide. It will tell you how to format your paper, create inline citations and cite your sources using Chicago.

Other Resources

Chicago manual of Style (University of Georgia)

The Chicago manual of style
Z253 .U69 2010
Several copies are available in the reference, ready reference (at the reference desk), and general collections

Turabian

Chicago/Turabian Documentation Style (U of Wisconsin - Madison)

A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago Style for students and researchers
LB2369 .T8 2013
Several copies are available in the reference, ready reference (at the reference desk), and general collections

AMA (American Medical Association) Manual of Style

AMA Manual of Style Online

Looking for a print version? AMA manual of style

How to Avoid Plagiarism


Always cite everything that is not your own idea, even if you came up with that idea on your own before you found it in sources.

If you paraphrase an author by restating his or her ideas in your own words, you must cite the source

When quoting an author directly, use quotation marks to separate the author's words from your own, and follow the quotation with a citation.

Use quotation marks when repeating more than three consecutive words from the source.

If you are unsure whether to cite, ask someone.

Tools

Get Help

There are three ways to get help from a University Learning Center writing tutor: set a Writing Center appointment, submit your paper online through our OWL, or drop in at the Writing Lab.

Writing Services at the University Learning Center is located on the first floor of DePaolo Hall (DE 1003). You can contact them at 910-962-7857 or ulc [at] uncw [dot] edu.

Need a Citation Manual?

Citation manuals are available in Randall Library at the Research Help Desk and for check-out in the General Collection. You may search the library catalog for location and call number information.

Frequently used citation manuals:
The Chicago manual of style (Chicago) Z253 .U69 2003
MLA Handbook For Writers Of Research Papers (MLA) LB2369 .G53 2009
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) BF76.7 .P83 2010

EndNote Basic

screenshotEndNote Basic is a free online tool that helps you:

Collect references from electronic and traditional sources

Organize your references for your research topics and papers

Insert and cite references automatically while writing your paper

Automatically generate a formatted bibliography

Citation Builder (NCSU)

Citation Builder creates citations for you in APA, MLA, and Chicago CBE/CSE formats. Try it out!
Note: Consult the appropriate style manual to verify the output of your citations.

KnightCite

KnightCite is a online citation generator. Choose your citation style (MLA, APA or Chicago) and type of resource (book, article, chapter etc), enter in the item details and click submit. You'll get a formatted citation!
Note: Consult the appropriate style manual to verify the output of your citations.

Zotero

"Zotero is a free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help you collect, manage, and cite your research sources. It lives right where you do your work - in the web browser itself."
Download Zotero.
Collect, Organize, Cite, Sync, and Collaborate Image