Citation and Bibliography Help
APA (American Psychological Association)
How to Avoid Plagiarism
Always cite everything that is not your own idea, even if you came up with that idea on your own before you found it in sources.
If you paraphrase an author by restating his or her ideas in your own words, you must cite the source
When quoting an author directly, use quotation marks to separate the author's words from your own, and follow the quotation with a citation.
Use quotation marks when repeating more than three consecutive words from the source.
If you are unsure whether to cite, ask someone.
Writing Services at the University Learning Center is located on the first floor of DePaolo Hall (DE 1003). You can contact them at 910-962-7857 or ulc [at] uncw [dot] edu.
Need a Citation Manual?
Citation manuals are available in Randall Library at the Research Help Desk and for check-out in the General Collection. You may search the library catalog for location and call number information.
Frequently used citation manuals:
The Chicago manual of style (Chicago) Z253 .U69 2003
MLA Handbook For Writers Of Research Papers (MLA) LB2369 .G53 2009
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) BF76.7 .P83 2010
EndNote Basic is a free online tool that helps you:
Collect references from electronic and traditional sources
Organize your references for your research topics and papers
Insert and cite references automatically while writing your paper
Automatically generate a formatted bibliography
Citation Builder (NCSU)
Citation Builder creates citations for you in APA, MLA, and Chicago CBE/CSE formats. Try it out!
Note: Consult the appropriate style manual to verify the output of your citations.