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This bibliography assists in identifying methods and procedures helpful in supporting the development, testing, application, and validation of alternatives to the use of vertebrates in biomedical research and toxicology testing. 

 

Citations were selected manually after searching various National Library of Medicine (NLM) bibliographic databases. The bibliography features citations concerning methods, tests, assays, and procedures that may prove useful in establishing alternatives to the use of intact vertebrates. ALTBIB has not been updated since 2001 because new features were added to PubMed®/MEDLINE® to assist users in searching and retrieving directly from the file. Search strategies for some animal alternatives have been developed and incorporated in the ALTBIB search interface.
 

Coverage Dates: 
1980 to 2000
Vendor: 
National Library of Medicine