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Unlimited capacity parallel quantity comparison of multiple integers.

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Unlimited capacity parallel quantity comparison of multiple integers.

J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2014 Sep;40(5):1389-403

Authors: Blanc-Goldhammer DR, Cohen DJ

Research has shown that integer comparison is quick and efficient. This efficiency may be a function of the structure of the integer comparison system. The present study tests whether integers are compared with an unlimited capacity system or a limited capacity system. We tested these models using a visual search task with time delimitation. The data from Experiments 1 and 2 indicate that integers are encoded, identified, and compared within an unlimited capacity system. The data from Experiment 3 indicate that 2nd-order magnitude comparisons are processed with a highly efficient limited capacity system.

PMID: 24820669 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Women Physicians and Professional Ethos in Nineteenth-Century America , by Carolyn Skinner.

RSQ: Rhetoric Society Quarterly; 08/01/2014
(AN 97901734)
Communication & Mass Media Complete

Renovating Rhetoric in Christian Tradition, 2014.

American Communication Journal; 06/01/2014
(AN 97065126)
Communication & Mass Media Complete

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The Impact of Presentation Form, Entrepreneurial Passion, and Perceived Preparedness on Obtaining Grant Funding.

Journal of Business & Technical Communication; 04/01/2014
(AN 94842156)
Communication & Mass Media Complete

Children's Number-Line Estimation Shows Development of Measurement Skills (Not Number Representations).

Developmental Psychology; 06/01/2014
(AN 96249186)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Applying a Resiliency Model to Community Reintegration and Needs in Families with Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Rehabilitation Counselors.

Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling; 03/01/2014
(AN 95045799)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Introduction to the Special Issue on Queer/ing Criminology: New Directions and Frameworks.

Critical Criminology; 03/01/2014
(AN 94317402)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Success or sorrow: the paradoxical view of crime control campaigns in China.

International Journal of Comparative & Applied Criminal Justice; 01/01/2014
(AN 93018776)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Use of Craniofacial Superimposition in Historic Investigation.

Journal of Forensic Sciences (Wiley-Blackwell); 01/01/2014
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Genetics Expert Panel Call to Action: Advanced Nursing Practice and Research Contributions to Precision Medicine

Publication date: Available online 23 November 2015
Source:Nursing Outlook

Author(s): Janet K. Williams, Maria C. Katapodi, Angela Starkweather, Laurie Badzek, Ann K. Cashion, Bernice Coleman, Mei R. Fu, Debra Lyon, Michael T. Weaver, Kathleen T. Hickey

Genomic discoveries in the era of precision medicine hold the promise for tailoring healthcare, symptom management, and research efforts including targeting rare and common diseases through the identification and implementation of genomic–based risk assessment, treatment, and management. However, the translation of these discoveries into tangible benefits for the health of individuals, families, and the public is evolving. In this article, members of the Genetics Expert Panel identify opportunities for action to increase advanced practice nursing and research contributions toward improving genomic health for all individuals and populations. Identified opportunities are within the areas of: bolstering genomic focused advanced practice registered nurse practice, research and education efforts; deriving new knowledge about disease biology, risk assessment, treatment efficacy, drug safety and self-management; improving resources and systems that combine genomic information with other healthcare data; and advocating for patient and family benefits and equitable access to genomic healthcare resources.

Impact of Deepwater Horizon spill on food supply to deep-sea benthos communities

Publication date: Available online 17 November 2015
Source:Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

Author(s): N.G. Prouty, P. Swarzenksi-Campbell, F. Mienis, G. Duineveld, A. Demopoulos, S.W. Ross, S. Brooke

Deep-sea ecosystems encompass unique and often fragile communities that are sensitive to a variety of anthropogenic and natural impacts. After the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill, sampling efforts documented the acute impact of the spill on some deep-sea coral colonies. To investigate the impact of the DWH spill on quality and quantity of biomass delivered to the deep-sea, a suite of geochemical tracers (e.g., stable and radio-isotopes, lipid biomarkers, and compound specific isotopes) was measured from monthly sediment trap samples deployed near a high-density deep-coral site in the Viosca Knoll area of the north-central Gulf of Mexico prior to (Oct-2008 to Sept-2009) and after the spill (Oct-10 to Sept-11). Marine (e.g., autochthonous) sources of organic matter dominated the sediment traps in both years, however after the spill, there was a pronounced reduction in marine-sourced OM, including a reduction in marine-sourced sterols and n-alkanes and a concomitant decrease in sediment trap organic carbon and pigment flux. Results from this study indicate a reduction in primary production and carbon export to the deep-sea in 2010-2011, at least 6-18 months after the spill started. Whereas satellite observations indicate an initial increase in phytoplankton biomass, results from this sediment trap study define a reduction in primary production and carbon export to the deep-sea community. In addition, a dilution from a low-14C carbon source (e.g., petro-carbon) was detected in the sediment trap samples after the spill, in conjunction with a change in the petrogenic composition. The data presented here fills a critical gap in our knowledge of biogeochemical processes and sub-acute impacts to the deep-sea that ensued after the 2010 DWH spill.

Middle and Late Stone Age of the Niassa region, northern Mozambique. Preliminary results

Publication date: Available online 10 November 2015
Source:Quaternary International

Author(s): Nuno Bicho, Jonathan Haws, Mussa Raja, Omar Madime, Célia Gonçalves, João Cascalheira, Michael Benedetti, Telmo Pereira, Vera Aldeias

Located between modern-day South Africa and Tanzania, both of which have well-known and extensive Stone Age records, Mozambique's Stone Age sequence remains largely unknown in the broader context of African Pleistocene prehistory. Such lack of data occurs despite the key geographical location of the country, in southern Africa at the southeastern tip of the Great Rift Valley. As such, Mozambique is an area of interest to evaluate the origins and dispersion of Homo sapiens within Africa, particularly in relation to Middle Stone Age contexts and associated early modern human ecology and cognition. This paper focuses on preliminary survey results from the Niassa District, near Lake Niassa (also known as Lake Malawi) in northern Mozambique. The results include the discovery and location of more than 80 new surface lithic concentration localities, as well as data from two new sites, the open air surface site of Ncuala and the rock shelter of Chicaza. For Chicaza we provide a series of new radiocarbon dates for the Iron Age and Late Stone Age occupations based on preliminary testing carried out at the site.