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Renovating Rhetoric in Christian Tradition, 2014.

American Communication Journal; 06/01/2014
(AN 97065126)
Communication & Mass Media Complete

The Impact of Presentation Form, Entrepreneurial Passion, and Perceived Preparedness on Obtaining Grant Funding.

Journal of Business & Technical Communication; 04/01/2014
(AN 94842156)
Communication & Mass Media Complete

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Genetic interactions matter more in less-optimal environments: a Focused Review of "Phenotype uniformity in combined-stress environments has a different genetic architecture than in single-stress treatments" (Makumburage and Stapleton, 2011).

Related Articles

Genetic interactions matter more in less-optimal environments: a Focused Review of "Phenotype uniformity in combined-stress environments has a different genetic architecture than in single-stress treatments" (Makumburage and Stapleton, 2011).

Front Plant Sci. 2014;5:384

Authors: Landers DA, Stapleton AE

An increase in the distribution of data points indicates the presence of genetic or environmental modifiers. Mapping of the genetic control of the spread of points, the uniformity, allows us to allocate genetic difference in point distribution to adjacent, cis effects or to independently segregating, trans genetic effects. Our genetic architecture-mapping experiment elucidated the "environmental context specificity" of modifiers, the number and effect size of positive and negative alleles important for uniformity in single and combined stress, and the extent of additivity in estimated allele effects in combined stress environments. We found no alleles for low uniformity in combined stress treatments in the maize mapping population we examined. The major advances in this research area since early 2011 have been in improved methods for modeling of distributions and means and detection of important loci. Double hierarchical general linear models and, more recently, a likelihood ratio formulation have been developed to better model and estimate the genetic and environmental effects in populations. These new methods have been applied to real data sets by the method authors and we now encourage additional development of the software and wider application of the methods. We also propose that simulations of genetic regulatory network models to examine differences in uniformity and systematic exploration of models using shared simulations across communities of researchers would be constructive avenues for developing further insight into the genetic mechanisms of variation control.

PMID: 25157259 [PubMed]

Children's Number-Line Estimation Shows Development of Measurement Skills (Not Number Representations).

Developmental Psychology; 06/01/2014
(AN 96249186)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Applying a Resiliency Model to Community Reintegration and Needs in Families with Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Rehabilitation Counselors.

Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling; 04/01/2014
(AN 95045799)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Introduction to the Special Issue on Queer/ing Criminology: New Directions and Frameworks.

Critical Criminology; 03/01/2014
(AN 94317402)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Success or sorrow: the paradoxical view of crime control campaigns in China.

International Journal of Comparative & Applied Criminal Justice; 01/01/2014
(AN 93018776)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

Use of Craniofacial Superimposition in Historic Investigation.

Journal of Forensic Sciences (Wiley-Blackwell); 01/01/2014
(AN 93569166)
Criminal Justice Abstracts

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Nile Delta exhibited a spatial reversal in the rates of shoreline retreat on the Rosetta Promontory comparing pre- and post-beach protection

Publication date: Available online 27 August 2014

Author(s): Eman Ghoneim , Jehan Mashaly , Douglas Gamble , Joanne Halls , Mostafa AbuBakr

The coastline of the Nile Delta experienced accelerated erosion since the construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1964 and, consequently, the entrapment of a large amount of river sediments behind it. The coastline of the Rosetta promontory showed the highest erosion in the Delta with an average retreat rate of 137.4m y−1. In 1991, in an effort to mitigate sediment loss, a 4.85km long seawall was built on the outer margin of the promontory. For additional beach protection, 15 groins were constructed along the eastern and western sides of the seawall in 2003 and 2005. To quantify erosion and accretion patterns along the Rosetta promontory, eleven Landsat images acquired at unequal intervals during a 40year time span (1972 and 2012) were analyzed. The positions of shorelines were automatically extracted from satellite imagery and compared with three very high resolution QuickBird and WorldView2 images for data validation. Analysis of the rates of shoreline change revealed that the construction of the seawall was largely successful in halting the recession along the tip of the promontory, which lost 10.8km2 prior to coastal protection. Conversely, the construction of the 15 groins has negatively affected the coastal morphology of the promontory and caused a reversal from accretion to fast erosion along the promontory leeside, where some segments of the shoreline have undergone as much as 30.8m y−1 of erosion. Without hard structures, the tip of the Rosetta promontory would have retreated 2.3km by 2013 and lost 7.2km2 of land. About 10% of this land is deltaic fertile cultivated farms. Moreover, without additional protection the sides of the promontory will lose about 1.3km2 of land and the coastline would recede at an average rate of 200m by 2020. Unless action is taken, coastal erosion, enhanced by rising sea level, will steadily eat away the Nile Delta at an alarming rate. The successful demonstration of the advocated procedures in this study could be adopted, with appropriate modifications, for other deltas worldwide.

Social cognition and functional capacity in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia

Publication date: Available online 27 August 2014
Source:Psychiatry Research

Author(s): Nicholas S. Thaler , Griffin P. Sutton , Daniel N. Allen

Social cognition is a functionally relevant predictor of capacity in schizophrenia, though research concerning its value for bipolar disorder is limited. The current investigation examined the relationship between two social cognitive factors and functional capacity in bipolar disorder. This study included 48 individuals with bipolar disorder (24 with psychotic features) and 30 patients with schizophrenia. Multiple regression controlling for estimated IQ scores was used to assess the predictive value of social cognitive factors on the UCSD Performance-Based Functional Skills Assessment (UPSA). Results found that for the bipolar with psychosis and schizophrenia groups, the social/emotion processing factor predicted the UPSA while the theory of mind factor did not predict this measure. This supports the clinical utility of evaluating emotion processing in individuals with a history of psychosis. As theory of mind did not contribute to model, impairments in this construct may be due to a generalized cognitive deficit. In contrast, social/emotion processing may be linked to distinct neurobiological processes associated with psychosis.

Ornithogenic soils and the paleoecology of pygoscelid penguins in Antarctica

Publication date: Available online 26 August 2014
Source:Quaternary International

Author(s): S.D. Emslie , M.J. Polito , R. Brasso , W.P. Patterson , L. Sun

Ornithogenic or bird-formed soils have accumulated in many coastal regions around Antarctica as a result of breeding activities by pygoscelid penguins, especially the Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae). These soils are often deep, range from hundreds to thousands of years old, and contain a natural archive of penguin tissues and those of their prey. In some regions, these tissues are extremely well preserved by the dry, cold environment and include complete and partial penguin mummies, feathers, bone, and eggshell. Hard parts of prey (fish bones, otoliths, and squid beaks) also commonly occur in these deposits from the penguin guano as it accumulates during soil development. Here, we review how research on these soils and the tissues they contain has progressed since they were first identified and described. These studies have provided not only valuable information on penguin occupation history with climate change since the Pleistocene, but also whole ecosystem responses to perturbations such as the ‘krill surplus’ that is hypothesized to have occurred following historic depletion of seals and whales in the 18th–20th centuries. New findings in the Ross Sea indicate how penguin occupation and abandonment cycles have progressed over millennia in relation to climate change. In addition, stable isotope analysis of δ15N and δ13C in ancient and modern Adélie penguin tissues (feathers, bone, eggshell and membrane) and guano support the ‘krill surplus’ hypothesis in showing a dietary shift from fish to krill over the past ∼200 years. Other recent studies have focused on stable isotope analyses of penguin prey remains, as well as ancient DNA and mercury analyses of penguin tissues recovered from ornithogenic soils. An analysis of fish otoliths recovered from ancient guano provide a means to investigate values of otolith carbonate δ18O, which correlates with other paleoclimatic records, and can be used as a proxy for changing ocean temperatures through time. In addition, measurements of total mercury (Hg) in penguin egg membrane from abandoned colonies up to 800 years old indicate significantly higher mercury levels in the past compared to modern penguins, likely due to a greater reliance on higher trophic prey prior to the proposed ‘krill surplus’. All of these studies indicate that ornithogenic soils and the natural archive of tissues they contain provide a unique means to integrate both terrestrial and marine records with ecosystem studies and climate change, past and present, in Antarctica.

Spatial citizenship education: Civic teachers׳ instructional priorities and approaches

Publication date: Available online 21 August 2014
Source:The Journal of Social Studies Research

Author(s): Jeremy Hilburn , Brad M. Maguth

This qualitative case study draws on interview and focus group data from six Civics teachers. As global education scholars assert, local, national, and global “levels of citizenship” do not occur in a vacuum, instead, each level is invariably connected to one another. Teachers in this study, however, placed different priorities on the levels – prioritizing the national, minimizing the local, and marginalizing the global. Participants also used different teaching strategies in order to teach the different levels: emphasizing knowledge acquisition and values transmission at the national level and more active civic behaviors at the local level.

Evidence-Based Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes for Scholarly Writing Development Across all Levels of Nursing Education

Publication date: July–August 2014
Source:Journal of Professional Nursing, Volume 30, Issue 4

Author(s): Diane F. Hunker , Elizabeth A. Gazza , Teresa Shellenbarger

Because nursing care in health care settings becomes more complex, nurses are called upon to work effectively with other health care providers to deliver high-quality evidence-based care. To do so in a cost effective and efficient manner requires the development of effective oral and written communication skills in nurses. One form of written communication is scholarly writing. Scholarly writing is defined by the authors as writing that is specialized in nursing, communicates original thought, includes support from a body of literature, contains formal language consistent with the discipline of nursing, and is formatted in a manner consistent with peer-review publications. Faculty who facilitate the development of these skills face inconsistencies in students' writing ability and development across programs and levels of education. Nurse educators need to understand how to develop these communication skills for students enrolled at various educational levels and to teach students how to share information in a scholarly way.