Nicholas W. Schenck Diary — Section 5 of 5 (prev) 
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Description Block No. 3 - continued

No. 6 - Clarendon Hotel - brick 2 story - entered on a raise plat form () kind of piazza - 1st floor - U.S. Post Office - C. Dudley P.M. (Father Mrs. A. Martin - Miss & Guilford) - after fire removed Post Office to south side Market - between Front and 2nd Streets -

Postage U.S. - single sheet - from NY to Wil. 25 cts - 2 sheets double amount 50 cts - no envelope or paste - wafer or wax for sealing - prepay ? not demanded

Route to N.O. from N.Y 75 cts - postage as ? - prohibitory - Peden and Sherwood Bar - "Gentleman's Bar" - Wm Peden, Paul Sherwood - upstairs - Mrs. Swann - m - in - law - Geo. R. French - Hotel -

The sound of the Stage Coach horn - still rings in my ears - as the big coach and ? And 4 horses - rolled in - to deliver mail and its passengers - at Clarendon Hotel - 1837 - 1839 - once a day - from the North -

X - An archway and passage between 6x7 - to inside yard of buildings and to residence No. 9 - Peter Harriss - married Morris - sons William M and Charles M (called Catfish Charles)

No. 7 - Annex to No. 6 - occupied by Geo. R. French and one time Jno. R. Reston

No. 8 - open lot - later - Engine House - for the "Franklin" - hand brake power

No. 10 - Mrs. Coxetter- school teacher - many years - entrance Princess Street

No. 11 - old time 2 story brick - hip roof - The Miss ? - opened school there - later Dr. W. Price - office of Wil. paper - Law office - Lucia Holmes - Jno. Baker - Dr. W.W. Lane - drug store (J.S. Burbank clerk) - upstairs Lane's quarters - Dryer - Tailor -Polvogt - ? and others - pull down - about 1898 - for better building

No. 12 - Bernard Baxter - Robert Baxter - sister Mrs. Diggars and 2 dau - later Jas. Ryan - one - the other married in Charleston - Uncle Barney died YF 1862- Jewish and Catholic - later times - Dan O'Conner - Journal office - Fulton and Price and office-

No. 13 - a long row of one story wooden buildings - called "Pigeon row" - later stable - Jno. K. Curry - succeeded by son - on corner

No. 14 - Lot -15 W.C. Wilkins yard and stable - he lived opposite side of street - Alley way through -

No. 16 - One building occupied by Wm. Kellogg - Wheelwright and next door building occupied by Mrs. Gerard and her daughters - think 2 married {Theese Priggir} German

No. 17 - Corner - John Wooster lived near here - possibly on the Carolina Hotel sight - building was put up here - by T.C. and R.B. Wood and for rent

No. 18 - Called Carolina Hotel - advertised lease or sell - March 1841 - The corner 17 - was owned by the McIlhenny's - also extending on 2nd St - North

No. 19 - advertisement - April 1841 - St Johns Lodge - purchased the lot on Front Street - formerly resided upon by Mrs. Eliza Lord - for $1800.00 - alley way between lodge and Hotel-

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This Mrs. Lord - I take to be the mother of Wm. Lord - and it says "her former residence" - I remember W.C. Lord and family resided on East Side of Front Street before 1840- and was burnt out in the Dawson fire 1840- Meeting one of the daughters of Jno. Y. Savage in New York in 1893 - she told me she remembered this fire - as a child - and they took refuge in Bk of Cape Fear - (across the street) - lived in Isaac house at same time with M.W.C. Lord - I well recall W.C. Lord's mother -

St. Johns old lodge - was near Red Cross Street - in a lot some distance from the line of Front Street - after occupied and known as Jones Hotel before the above date (1838) - the lodge was in building on Orange Street - later residence Tho. W. Brown -

St. Johns Lodge - erected 3 story brick building - at once - 1st story - 2 stores - as offices first - Daniel B. Baker - Dr. F. McRee and son and Dr. Jno. Meares - staircase to hall above and gallery - known as Masonic Hall - large room - Above - ante room and lodge room - for meetings of Blue Lodge -"Knights Templar and Concord Chaplin" - my great uncle P.W. Fanning greatly interested in this work - and had entire charge of Hall and Lodge rooms for many years - My experience for 7 years - with Cha. Blaney (an apprentice to Uncle F.) with trimming Camphor lamps - shifting benches for lecturers and etc - sweeping and dusting - pulling out emblems, etc - for different lodges - "Blue" - "K.T." and "Chaplin" - and keeping things in order generally ought to entitle me to recognition -? by all the Mystic brethren -

Clark - daguerreotype - those days - occupied the Lodge ante room for his office - he was one of the Brethren -

(Uncertain as to who lived No 17 to 26 inclusion before fire 1840 - records on most cases refer to since 1840)

No. 20 - Residence and store - Rob Edens store in this vicinity - after fire log cabin - for Presd camp - 1840 - Harrison and Tyler - erected here barrel hard cider (good vinegar) on top - explosion at night - attempt to blowup Log Cabin - broke glass and scared many - Dr. P told me he thought it an earthquake-later Sam Potter - built 3 story brick house - 2 stores - 1st floor entrance in middle and residence - later son Sam R - who married ? - later Maj. Jno. Walker - Misses Morris - Mrs Quince and others - East store occupied by Pierce and Cushing - Lewis Pierce - bookstore ? West office - Dr. Jno Swann-Honnett-

No. 21 - Joshua G. Wright - Lawyer - residence and office - married Walker - daughter Kate - sons - Julius and Tom-

No. 22 - Dr. Louis J. Poisson - married Davis - son Fred J. - daughter - student Buck Davis - married Cutlar - D.B. Cutlar - later succeeded by Doct Jas. H. Dickson - married "Owen" - students - Bro. Robert - married McLaurin - moved to Laurinburg NC - Wm J. Love - married Hartsfield - living Wil. NC - 1906 - Doct Jas. H - died of Y fever epidemic in 1862 -

No. 23 - Dr. Wm. Berry lived here or owned property - before fire built a house in rear - or back 30 or more feet from street - occupied by Guy C. Hotchkiss- wife - -- in- law - Mrs. Penderford and niece Miss ______ - after wife less ? - all from Connecticut - later front built up

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Description Block No. 3 - continued

No. 24 - Mrs. Riviera owned this property - 3 story brick after fire- residence upstairs - dau. Sarah - married WS ? - sons - Lewis - Ned -

Miss Joanna Pitts and some of the Pitt boys - later Jas. Cassidy business- Rev. JT Munds - married Ann E. Cassidy - occupied by her as book store - Munds left 4 sons - at one time-

Joe Myer 1st Jew of that class to come to Wil. - opened store - dry goods and clothing - his father - with him - again Wm. And Zeb Latimer - opened their first dry goods store in this vicinity-

No. 25 - G. and C. Brady - (Geo. And Chas) - Connecticut Boots and Shoes - sign Big Boot (Frank Daskin) - went away 1861 - succeeded by Dudley and Ellis

No. 26 - John A. Taylor (NY) - saddlery and harness - Guy A. Hotchkiss (Connecticut) -

John J Conoly - married Anderson -

No. 27 - Tho. W. Brown - Jeweler - Brown and Anderson - J.W.B. - dau. 1st w - Harriett - married Huntington- Kathy - married D.W.W. Harris - sons Marshall - m.- Conn girl - died Australia- Tom W. Jr - married Empie - lawyer and priest - Maine

No. 28 - In rebuilding on old site - after 1840 - made a store here - occupied by Moore house - later Jones and Gardner - later Blancey and Mury - all for sale shoes - later - Sam Groves Northrop ?

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Description Block No. 4

No. 1 - NE corner Market and Front - "The Old Court House" in street square as the central point of this Town - surveys begin - No 1 - was approached by steps of ton or square timbers - solid - I guess 10x12 - laid up regularly on both streets - almost entire length of both sides of building - being the approach and entrance - to building - No 1 - some 8 feet above street- occupied as office of Doct Armand J. DeRossett Senior - As in those days M.D's were - Apothecary's - as well as Surgeons and Lancers - I recall the long rows of handsome bottles filled with the stuff - to cure or kill - and the Latin names thereon - underneath was a shoe repair - place - Riley the shoe man -Dr. F. Purnell Drug Store - open store and practice Jan 1838- going west - towards the River

No. 2 - Hat store - Thurber Bros - afterwards removed to Mobile - small building

No. 3 - 3 story brick - slanting roof - Wright and Savage - General Store - Dr. Tho. H. Wright - Jno. Y. Savage - There I bought my first school books- Russell Smith's "Arithmetic and Geography" - slate and pencil - I think Jas. G. Burr - waited on me - early 1839 - later Hedrick and Ryan-

Jno. Wooster - Dry Goods - Wm. J. C? clerk - WA Williams - general store - later Community Bank - OG Parsley Pres.- Jim Savage Cashier - Asa K. Walker - clerk and later - change to ? - Jno McRae teller-

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Block No. 4

No. 4 - SM West and Marble - Hat Store - near here- later Col. Myers - Tho. Smith - boat builder in rear- Jno. Dawson - Dry goods - next door - south hardware- clerks - Horace Burr - Andrew M. Lane (his nephew)- Jim McCallum. Alex McRae- later Dawson, Herring and Teal - succeed by Jno. Dawson - gave up Dry goods - hardware exclusively - 2 stores - finally sold out to "Springers" - Dawson died suddenly and thus follows this episode - how Springer became suddenly rich - $40,000.00 worth of notes marked paid in possession of Springers - they fattened on the carcass-

From No. 5 to No. 12 - Along down the street - Jos. S. Williams - dry goods - he was nephew Wm and Zeb Latimer - married "Martin" - (Silas "brother") - Sam Swann - Ed G. Mears clerks - Asa A. Hartsfield- Jas. Buie - Wild & Anathain (Jews) clothing and dry goods - Peru and Hartsfield - Alex Anderson - Jas. and Edw. (sons) later Jas. Dry Goods and Crockery - Oil, M. Landon - Jno. Reston - Guilford and Dudley - clerks - Armand Young (Jacob Myers, Jew) - store at one time - Chs. W. Bradley - C.B. Miller - Sam Shuter - Kelley and McCalib - A. Lamont and Jacob Lyons on corner (12)

Cannon at corner Market and River Front - north side - in ground - Relic of Revolutionary War 1776-1783

No. 13 and 14 - offices - Jno. Halchaney - later Hathaway and sons - Jas L. Hathaway - Hathaway and Utley - importers Coffee and Molasses-

No. 15 - Peckham - Tim Collins (married Emma Ballard) ship chandler - Wm. Colville - 1858 - later Worth and Daniel - upstairs - Jno. C. Latta - W.B. Flanner - Arch and alley 15 to 16

No. 16 - Brown and DeRossett - offices and warehouse extending up behind alleys AJDR MPB- DeRossett and Brown and Co - AJDR - Jno PRF Brown - Wiggins - Alva (Prince) Burr - book keeper - clerks - W.L. Smith - J.G. Brown - Waddell - 1859-61-(Book keeper N.W. Schenck) Rufus Landon - Jno. McLaurin - W.L. DeRossett - Jno. Wanet - east- (Jno. P. - west)

1866- Armand J (RF Brown out) - Nash - Owen MR. Holmes - Jno Brown ?

No. 17 - Alley to Front Street -

No. 18 - US Customs House - PO and Court Rooms - warehouse in rear - built on pilings - Noyes contractor - brick and brown store - metal roof

No. 19 and No. 20 - store building - Capt. Dugold - later - Petteway and Moore - Williams and ?

No. 21 - Alley way - through - to Front Street

No. 22 - Aaron Lazanus - large building - occupied - 1- Eiler and Mitchell - Mill and feed - BF Mitchell - later sons

2- WP Moore - Jno Stanley - 1856 -

3- Willard and Curtis 1858- Willard - Jno.W. Atkinson 1870-

No. 22 - upstairs - 4 offices - Banks Bro - (Jno and Jas)- and nephew - AD Cauaux - Agent Jonas Smith and Co- New York Packet Line

1854-1860- succeeded by Jas M. Holmes - war put line out-

Line fore and aft schooner - recall captains - Schooner LP Smith - Lee Davis

Schooner RW Brown - Cooper

Schooner AJ DeRossett - Geo. M. Brewster

Schooner Jonas Smith- Nicholas and Tucker

Schooner NW Smith - many vessels come over from Charleston for cargo-dull season

Schooner Smithsonian -

rent for offices - 200 wharf front - 1750 for year - paid quarterly -

No. 22 - occupied by N.W.Schenck - A.C.S. - later 1863 - Capt McKinney as Confederate Commissioned Officer-

No. 23 - warehouse used by Wm H. McRary - 1857-

No. 24 - cross alley to old brick warehouse in rear -

No. 25 - Row 1 story buildings here commenced the fire - Sunday 11 AM May 1844 - which destroyed all the house - stores - sheds and dwellings from Princess Street - North and also building on East part of Front Street and so along this entire street to the River from the wharf up to the W&WRR Depot - continuing for part 3 days - destroying over 600 commercial buildings - the heaviest fire Wil. - have ever known.

No. 26 - Hinton James Esq. lived on this plot - I knew his son Hand - later wooden building - used as carriage repository and by Jno Quince and Cervaux - grocers - Jno. J. Person - Richard Green - clerk - now Davis

No. 27 - EP Hall - later Pres. Bank of the States - sons John - Ed. D. - Eli W. Willis H. -

Masonic Temple

No. 28 - Callardy residence - Briggs Ice Cream and ?Sauce - (Dan McRae building)

~ Alley way to River ~

No. 29 - Bank Cape Fear - Pres. - Jno D. Jones - Jno Hill - Tho. H. Wright and Wm. A. Wright -force - HR Savage - cashier - Junius Gardner - Jas. Brady - Jo McL - Tom Harden - clerical

Later Jno Dawson - Banker-

changed to 1st Nat. Bank - (went under)- EE Burris - AK Walker - Gilbert - (Hanson Bowden - skipped)

Old No. Ca. Bank Law - required cashier to live in Bank - bank and grounds - located between 2 alleys - north and south - Each side-

No. 30 - open space - No. 31 - gardens - also between alleys

No. 32- Uncle P.W. Fannings had paint shop on this ground - wooden shed and extended some distance - west - down the alley line - later new building - offices Adam Empie - Jas T. Miller -

Jno. L. Holmes - upstairs - "Chronicle" - Asa A. Brown - later Talcott Burr - J. Edenton

No. 33 - N Dry (Jew) dry goods store - he was drowned early morning in Cape F. in bathing with Dr. Wm. Ware - about 1847/48 - A McLellan - Scotch - show maker - up stairs-

No. 34 - Phillip Bazadier - Creole Spanish mixed or French- Barber - Fiddler - trumpeter to the NC Horse Guard - red uniform and helmet - parade calls at the street corners when mounted - Happy small boy day

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Description Block 5

A- Branch Bank of the Cape Fear - NE Corner Princess and Front Streets - 2 story brick with (K) kitchen in rear on Princess Street and (o) cistern near side walk -

Presidents - Alex Anderson - Ed. Hall - Jno Dawson -

cashiers - WE Anderson - resided in bank - married Burgman - 2 daughters and 2 sons -

Geo B - ? War -

Willie E - J. Savage - teller - clerical Jo J Lippitt- Wm. Reston - teller - Smith - teller -

this building - not destroyed in fire May 1844 -

B- B- Major John Walker - injured by fire - never repaired - large grounds - set back from street - large family - married Miss Davis

C-D- Wm. Calder - one of the ? - Wm and JP Calder -(William and Jno Pope brothers) Mr. Wm Calder and son (Wm) were passengers on Sch CE Thorn (May 1835) after he married - Miss Philar - daughter Aaron Lazarus Esq. - children - daughter Thedonia - married Jno L Cantwell - son Robert married Miss Keith - son Wm. married Miss Boatwright - Jno Pope Calder and wife and Mr and Mrs Morris - intimate friends - my wife Mary Eliza was raised for Mrs. Calder and also Mr. Morris raised a son - Jno. P.C. Morris - for Mr C - Mrs. Philar Calder and Mrs. Morris - intimate friends

E - Residence Wm. B. Meares - entire lot from Street to Street - Barn in rear - Am I correct when I write - children - 9 sons and 1 daughter - married Miss Davis - Hon RR Bridgers - bought property PO and Court room - erected by Mr. B - under loan from US and used for many years - later U.S. - bought the entire Meares sight - erected handsome PO - Courtroom and signal office on old house sight - after grading lot to street level -

Note - Wil authorities for many years - have made persistent effort to grade the town - to a level - grading Front Street - the cut in front Meares residence (near 5 feet) - a long law suit - decided in favor Meares and now established - when town grades must put up retaining walls at City expense - TD Meares and OG Parsley (Mayor) came to blows over this matter -

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F- Dan Dickson - PM - kept Bachelor hall for some years - later - Zimmens Packery- store and residence

G- David Sherwood - residence - ? - 3 boys and 3 girls - Elijah was clerk tp PMWC -

Bettencourt many years - one daughter married Davis - Charleston SC - one daughter married W.William - Mr. Sherwood in poor health many years - stayed home - he paced his long front piazza - morning and evening - tall and slim - black whiskers - always wore dress suit - removed to SC - know his daughter Miss Elvira

All the property on this square (designated as No. 5) much improved and the waste place of 1848 - built up-

The East side of this block - Front street - was destroyed by fire May 1844 - save Bank of the State Building-

Block 6 -

Note - property on this square - entirely destroyed by fire - May 1844 - Sunday - all built since

No 1- formerly garden to A. Anderson - residence (now Bk of New Hanover) -1840/44

No. 2 - residence Anderson - since Orton Hotel

No. 3 - Capt Noyes - (store Johnson since)

No. 4 - Matthew Lawton - cabinet and undertaker- Lumsden

No. 5 - Brick office

No. 6 - Residence Jas. F. McRee Jr. - married "Cervaux"

No. 7 - Rock Spring Hotel

No. 8 - old Rock Spring - by filling up street custom -

Whoever drinks here - return for another draught

No. 9 - 13 - Brick two story stores - various occupants - have rotated in and out - Jas. Malaney - Com - J & D. McRae and Co - Eli Murry - Alex McRae - Davis & McMillian - Joe Russell

No. 14 - 18 - upstairs JJ Lippitt - A.D. Cazaux - Jas M. Stevenson - 1855-1859 - down - Bar room - JH and Lee Chadbourn - M. McInnis - Bear & Brother - Loeb- upstairs - Leo Harris - Harris and Russell - Harding Johnson - Grady

No. 19 - 3 story brick - occupied by Shelton and Mallory - ship and general store - entire building the floor and roof - blown up by P.W. Fanning - chief engineer Fire Department 1844 - by order of fire warden - to arrest the fire - later occupied by Albert Adams 1857 - Anderson and Loeb - Tho Evans and Bloom? - offices on Princess Street - one office by Dr. J.T. Sch? Sr.

No. 20 - Murphy Building - brick house - Star office

No. 21 - residence Geo. W. Davis - later Oscar Parsley - later Jno Dawson - Dawson died in this house

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Description Block 6 -

A - residence Platt K Dickson (NY) - large ground - daughter m. Cowan & Walker - Mrs. Ome Aunt - destroyed by fire 1844 - replace with expansive mansion - 2nd wife L?

B- Anthony A Manet - French - married Green - daughter Violet Essence - son - Jno V. and Autry - later rebuilt and occupied by Dr. W.E. Freeman - Dr. F. died there - his ward - married John Kurt Brown

C- residence - Gen. Jas. Owen - old time gent - large family girls - President and ? W&W RR - estimable citizen

D - residence Love - GF Dr. WJ Love - (Jno. Nutt's Drug store)

E- residence - Capt Isaac B. Smith - Captain Steamer line - W&W RR to Charleston - dau Julia - married and returned to NO - Sue - Jennie and elder sister - both married Tom Bunting - sons - Elias - William and Ike - school boys at Mulocks in 40s

G-H-I- house built in late years - occupied Kent Brown - Gabe Holmes - Schenck - Brady - Lee Holmes - Vollars

J- Geo and Kelly

K- Sam N. Connor died this house

L- Sam Vick

M - John C. Bowden - inspector - now his widow

N - Residence Robert H. Cowan Sr. fire destroyed residence Sunday May 1844 - his eldest dau Miss Sallie - was to marry Jas. F. McRee - MD - on following Monday or during the week - the fire - together with the Negroes - sailors and mob swept the Marriage Feast and ate up everything - people were glad to do anything for help and saving goods -

{C} - In the Henry Clay Campaign - a large white silk banner - with gold letters -? for speech Henry Clay - displayed from Gen. Owen porch and here speeches of Welcome responses by HC - when on his Tour - PKD (A) entertained Daniel Webster and Ed E?

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Block No 7 -

Lot No 1 - site of the Horse Pond - low depression and wet and damp grounds here- extending to rear and next lots - Ferguson and Haines - carpenters - built a carpenter shop on stilts some time before 1846 - lot and street filled in - R. Frank Brown - built present house on now there - I was at his dau - Augusta - wedding to Major Taylor 1849 - this house - later owned by Collier - RFB - died April 1865 - Particular good and esteemed friend of mine-

No. 2 - Jas. Sausifar? - free colored - built this house and lived these later owned by Mrs. Dan L Russell - widow and residence

No. 3 - Methodist Church (wooden meeting house) then called - stood on Corner above - site now of Sprint and Co - destroyed by fire 1844 - The Methodist - on site No 3 - built a big wooden shed and called it - Tabernacle - Rev. Whitford Smith - preacher - Good

No 4 and 5 - garden and house on same - owned by O'Neal - occupied by Jno. C Good- (my cousin) (1832-?)

Slight recollection as to balance this square - some small house

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Block No. 8

A- on this ground - was a large wooden building- with galleries - called and known as the Methodist Meeting House - burned 1844. Rebuilt by general subscription - of brick - under efforts of Rev Whitford Smith - whites occupied floor seats - galleries by slaves - Billy Merrick - the 1st (2 Billies after) and Jack Cameron leaders of the Negro worshipers - in song - music and shouting-

Destroyed by fire and new church on Grace Street-

B- Grant Bros - built wooden store - groceries and general supplies-

C- Saint Johns Lodge - I was at a big dinner given here in the 40s - Jno Banks caterer - Afterwards - became "Jones Hotel" - is accommodate the left was travel by rail and boat - those days no upper or western routes - Parker - clerk

D- Hon George Davis - lived on this square - many years - I recall he graduated - Chapel Hill 1838 - The Valedictorian of the day - sons Junius- Lewis - daughter Emilie - married Crow- Metta - Roundtree - Isabel Sholier by 1st wife Miss Pope - 2nd wife daughter Carey - married McRae - Fairfax m ?G

Methodist Parsonage on this square - many years - F - I think - also residence - Virginia Marstellar Bunting - Jno Baker (son daughter) 1st years of married life

Crossing Red Cross Street - wooden bridge to RR warehouse and office - trains started from top of the hill (as in 1905) - note the following notice advertise - 1838 "The Locomotive and train

will leave the depot at Wilmington everyday - (except Sunday and Tuesday) - precisely at

11 o'clock AM"

The wooden bridge spanned a deep ravine - sort of creek or water course

Mon. Luciani (French) had candy store and residence about way across bridge eastside -

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Block No. 9

Along in day 1838-42

A - long elevated trestle with track 30-50 feet above street - built by W&W RR- to deliver prime wood for the 4 steamers - route to Charleston SC - 1st steamer - Boston - Capt Ivy - charted - used North side Market Dock as landing - until RR whs. built

Steamer North Carolina - built by Corn Vanderbilt - put on the line- "Halifax-Wil-Charleston" by W&WRR Co - Dec 1837 -

Steamer L? Dudley - arrive Aug 1838 - placed on line

Steamer C. Vanderbilt -

Steamer Wilmington

All (except Boston) were bought by the W&W RR

B - Jno. A. Taylor- Agent for boats - supplies - office and warehouse - later Jas. T. Miller - (YYY) - graded since tracks Atlantic Coast Line

E - Branch from high sand hills and covering to river - later used as track for highlands back to river front - E - wooden bridge 1- Luciani shop

C- Henry Nutt Still yard

D- Nutts office

G- stone wall, ascent to Front Street - XXX- open space - later Freight sheds

H- Bennett Flanner Still and yard

I - Flanners residence

J - Sam Berry

K- small shops and houses

N - Harrison Mill

L - timber pen - now filled in

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M - Hall and Armstrong - (Ed P Hall and Tho J. Armstrong) - Iron still and N/S yard - here tis said big fire 1844 destroyed many thousands barrels - virgin - dip and scrap turpentine-

O and P - residences Capt Tho Guitier And Rev. Jesse Jennett - on high sand hill-

Edward B. Dudley - native of Onslow - New Hanover claimed him - 1st Gov of NC - elected by Popular Vote - served two terms - at same time (about 1837 or 8) citizens gave a "Barbecue" at Hoggs Folley (somewhere near present site SAL Depot)- Hoggs Folley - Looked to me as a made road through a swamp - high ground to the east - swamp and small oaks to the east - road ran

N & S - beautiful shade - a large spring - in the hill side at the North turn - Down this Avenue - were set - long rough board tables and from these board served barbecued - ox - etc - Uncle P.W.F.

took me as a small boy and I recollect leaving Front Street near the intersection of Red Cross and going over the water - creek and swamp below - on a high single board wide elevated walk - until we reach dry ground beyond - as I recall - this board levitated set up on props _________

must have been several hundred feet long - then some distance beyond the Lily Pond (to the right) Pond Lilys - Bella Allen and daughters later lived in a house in front of the pond - I remember at about W - (as marked on map) the steamer Henrietta (oldest steamer in US) Capt Doyle O'Hanlon - was then beached at high water - for calking and repairs to bottom - too early for ships rail ways (later Jas Cassidy installed at his yard)

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A- Boarding House - Mrs. Smith -

B- Tho C. Miller - Mrs. Lewis H. Pierce - Jno Dawson - Cape Fear Club

C - Gov. Jno. Owen - Miss Ellen who married HW Gwinn

T & C Miller - office S.A. Line - RR -

D- Chimneys - Wm Carson's house - fire 1844 - since rebuilt Hall of Elks

E- Sternberger - Bar

F-G-H stores and offices - formerly Jas. I. Bryan - P.O. Reilly (bar)- Clark and Turlington -

D. Cashwell (1852) - Russell and Keith - H & J Russell

vicinity Southart and Wallace - Heyer and Van Glahan - EJ ? - Ava Hall - Parchau - D. Lambert (1859)- Eli Murry, Thompson Murry

I- Street corner - entrance on W and South- when Jno S. Bauman removed from under Holmes Hotel SE Corner - Market and Front - he removed to place marked (I) -Groceries and retailed.

Matthew Vassar Cream Ale - (1849) Brewery - Pokeepsie - North River on Hudson R - 5 cents for tumbler - full size - drawn from this word - See Result - (in 1905) - M. Vassar work, economy and beneficiary "Vassar College" "Vassar Home for Old Men" - Pokeepsie NY - I met Mr. Vassar - in my visits to Pokeepsie 1849 and later and visited his grounds long before Vassar College was conceived and while Mr. Vassar - was making his Famous Ale - beyond the North Dock - A small spare man - "Big Soul"

K- AA Moffett - naval stores - clerk Jno. M Lawson - Owen Fennell - Chauny Southerland

L- my earliest recollection of Benj. F. Mitchell Shop of General Supplies at L - one story wood - land on square O - open no buildings

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1st formerly open space and wharf - now Springer's Wood and Coal Yard

2- years ago 1 story (red) store wood - occupied by Jacob Wessell. Wessel and Eilers- Grocery and Whisky

No. 3 - small slip convenient place for River water - "take 3 bbl Walters - 19/21 cent Whiskey" - 1838/48 and with add Cape Fear water - make 5 bbls - sell to Raftman and up river merchants 21/24 cents - Result = Riches

3- Jn SW Atkinson - 2 story brick offices - occupied at times Jno. Cantwell - AHVB - Roger Moore - Moore and Rankin - Exchayerism Chadbourn - Harris and Howell - Barker and Riley upstairs

4- long 1 story AHVB and H&H -

No. 5 - 2 story brick - stair case outside North Navassa Guano Office - Ed Kidder - Geo. Kidder

1st floor WH McRary & Co 1856 - Com. Cotton Exchange - next door - AHVB - Jno E.Crow -

Jno T. Rankin - offices

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Page 124

Description

1 - Barney Baxter and Bro. Bob- Grocery - SE Corner - Dock and Water Street - kept supplies for Pilots generally- Irish- Catholics - good citizens - bachelors both - Barney died Y. Fever epidemic 1862 - at home on Princess St.

2 - Next South - "Pilot House" - "Jack Bishop" - Bar and Meals and rooms - table ? - everything to eat - in large supply - good cooking - oysters and Rice birds in season - "Bishop liberal and genial host" - next alley way to Front Street and large vacant lot - owned by Major John Walker - at one time wooden building

3- occupied by WO Jeffreys - who married sister Jas. McGary - Uncle Johnny Banks - AE Keith - later by Oscar Parsley - as coal and wood yard - Maj Jno Walker - never improved any of his property - by building stores - houses - residences and leased the vacant land - tenants to erect houses - son Alvin - administered his Father's estate - Alvin's leased to Oscar Parsley for a time - the big lot (No 3) - Oscar erected small office - coal bins and train way for unloading coal- when lease was about to expire - Alvin notified Oscar - He should raise the rent - It was a goodly ? - Oscar found he could do better - Alvin was obstinate - Oscar asked me to interview Alvin - Alvin would listen to nothing - not even a compromise rise - I forewarned him (Alvin) it was better to be sure of ($1000) per year - a big rent for a vacant lot - than take chances - No and No said Alvin - Oscar moved to the corner lot near Orange - at less rent - Alvin's lot - was vacant for many years - so we go and learn

4- Jno. Maloskey - sailor runner and lodgings - enlisted in Capt ED Hall Co - 1861 - after keeper Orton Light -US -

5- Miss Sallie Smith - 2 story white stuccoed house - 1st floor warehouse - upstairs - Henry R. Savage office - SS Mill - No. 5 directly across Cape Fear on Eagles Island - Mr. Savage afterward - because cashier Bank of Cape Fear held office till he died - a good friend of mine - offered me at 2 distinct times - a clerkship in Bank CF - Discount Clerk held by Harden - Book Keeper held by Jo McLaurin - an estimable gentleman -

6- around corner - going east "Van Bokkelen" "A.P. Repeton", Jno. E. Lippitt at various dates - Ice warehouse - brick kitchen on corner - occupied by blacks-

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7- Large lot - crossing a wide alley - and set back from line of street- River front- large storeroom-warehouse and offices upstairs - Robert W. Brown, Esq - ample room and disconnected from any building - conducted a large business - at different times had associated in business his son - Jno. Potts B. - after Brown and DeR - Robert G. Rankin- and later R. Franklin Brown- well known as Frank Brown - Geo Jos Murphy - book keeper - at one time - George Harriss and Jos. H. Flanner - as boys - served as clerks -

Mr. Brown lived on Front Street - sons Jno Potts - who married a Miss Potter - Frank - married Mrs Nelson - nee McRae-daughter - Columbia - married Fred J. Lord - Jessie - married - Dr. Sam Frink - I knew all these - RWB - courtly gentle - excellent man - Mina his cook - Bob - servant - (slaves) - served him faithfully -

on the west side of his store lot - Front Street - opposite Presbyterian Church - was a fine row of cider trees - this lot afterwards site of present Market House - passed to heirs - R. Franklin Brown and then - Jno E. Lippitt -Adm. - and Brown children - Worth and ? Occupied Brown store and office - many years - my good friend Alex Sprunt - was book keeper -

8 - Engine House of "Fire Brig" - Negro firemen - House Tower erected - hand brake power and suction

9 - Negro house

10- Cooper Shop - Jethro Thane and Bro - Spint T. Carks - later A. Morgan - went to ? - later a man who married one of Sergeants dau and removed his shop - near VanB still - Later A Darby

11- known in the old days as Jenkins Tan yard - fire burnt out his shed May 1859 - about 3 PM - strong SW winds and increased and spark set fire to Presbyterian Church - wooden steeple (brick structure and destroyed some buildings Orange , in few hours - great fear of a wide conflagration - at time - I was boarding - in the Joe Hill house - corner SE Front and Dock - 2nd SE Room - everybody in the neighborhood moved out - I would not allow my things moved - Griswold a music teacher and with help - my negro stewards -"Abram Davis" -"Fred Williams" - "Frank and Sol Mott" - with blankets- water and brooms - saved the house - Charlie Morris and helpers saved kitchen - no aid from Engines - it rained fire - whole shingles and sparks - Jas. S. Wright, Esq. congratulated me on noble work of our saving the Joe Hill house - for if that had gone - he said he looked for a fire - sweeping the town- North East-

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Jenkins yard - later - Robinson and King Office later power house - Street and Electric Car Line-

13- open space for storage of N/stores

At 14 - a small slip came across the street - and into yard (13) for rolling out tar and turpentine from water - this was spanned by a small bridge on the street - for foot - dray and horse passage - now filled in - before 1900

15 - now facing River - in front RW Brown - office and storeroom - a new wharf - built by Larry Jones (colored) and named by Mr. Brown - as "Fillmore Wharf" - he was Agent for some time for Jonas Smith and Co - NY packets and this wharf was for discharge of cargo (RF Brown clerk)- Ocean Steamer for Coastwise use - was still in the dim future - the "sloop" - the "fore and after" - the "brig" and "Schooners" - the carriers of that day and generation

Going back to (16) on Dock Street - warehouses East "Baxter" - south side of Dock - lower floor Com. stores - upstairs "Head Quarters" Department NC - Confederate States - Gen Gallen - French - Whiting Etc - Q.M Officers - Capt CW Styron - Capt Jas B. Huggins - AQM - paymaster etc-

17- Chapel Sailor House - Capt Gilbert Potter - erected this building for Christian service -

18 - known as a "Commercial Hotel" - (upstairs 2nd and 3rd) Wm Beach - married Harvey - in parlor of this house(40's?) - my first sight of the "Siamese Twins" (Ching & Eng) under PT Barnum management - admission 25cts - later Seaman Home - Williams during War (1864/65) - Hospital No. 5 - Drs. BF Fissard- Sam Wright

19 - Corner store - facing both Dock and Front - Peter Ross and his faithful maid Sarah - Ross a foreigner - store

20 - office Dr. Wm A Berry - dirty and dingy - Alley was next south - through to River front

21- House - Trask and household - later Jas. F. Brockett and family - later shop

22- Hanke Vollars (the Negro called him Mr. Hanke) - German - beginnings of future fortune - Grocers - dummy boxes - Negro trade- Sounders - whiskey - slippers - herrings - crackers - cheese and counter -"save all - spend more" - rich in first years (later Adrian and Vollars)-"Alderman" "Bank Director" residence of Dr. AJ DeR mansion - up the ladder - good citizen as all our Hanoverian Germans proved to be-

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A - cross Orange Street and now along west side of Front - to A - many years old brick ruins - Eccles Estate -RWB manager - Negro quarters in yard - Boys to go there to "chunk" -locust when ripe - later built up - occupied by Ben Hallett - Peter Mallert - RF Brown - John T. Rankin and others - houses flush on street

B- one and half story wood - occupied by Antone Morris (Portuguese) and his maid Nellie (colored) Cauzaux - later Antone ? and Negroes and last PW Fannings "curiosity shop" and storage for ? trunk - destroyed by fire - total loss to PWF - house ?

C- Sailor boarding house and entertainment - Madame Mary Cruse (Creole) - sign of "Welcome" over the outer door and sign emblem - "American and English flags" crossed - motto -

"Now we meet again" -

Dance house - grog - What you don't see call for - Mary had several daughters - one married - Jas F. Brockett - Brockett Watch maker - mail carrier - horse judge - good citizen - another married a sailor named Price (hard case) - his daughter married I think Charlie McClanny (brick mason) - one with W. McIntyre - another with "Chambers" - first engineer to make the through run - on completion and celebration of completion - W&W RR - McIntyre and Chambers both left W so to their women remarried - "sic transit" -

Mary Cruse claimed to be French Creole - dark yellow - straight hair - she was better than her trade - honest and good behavior-

D- house erected since-

E- Wm G. Fowler - married one of "Johnson girl" - good citizen and kind man - good worldly shape - 'tis fortunate in wife's family connections - Fowler pulled hauling and cargo wheels for ships - stable in rear - along back this square - sheds tar and rosin - on wharf - There is a drain - through "old 76" lot - coming out Tan Yard bottom and crosses Front Street - near Mary Cruse' lot and so into River - the portion of Front St - from Eccles corner to Fowler - chiefly near Mary Cruse house - was very low and damp and had been filled in say 10 to 20 feet - to redeem ground - also hill from RWB house - cut down and this made Ann Street - accessible from river - before too steep for wagons

Page 128

No. 1 - Jno Polls Brown - house removed back - Fred. J. Lord built new house or repaired old and lived there many years

No. 2 - Residence RW Brown - Mrs. Lord - Van Bokkelen - during War 1861/65 occupied EA Keith officers Jno. Winder - Hawk

No. 3 - Sunset Hill - high sand hill

No. 4 - Negro house and tree - later houses Henry McQueen

No. 5- Street ends her in steep bluff

No. 6 - Residence Gov. Ed. B. Dudley many years - DJB Everette (1858) before him Frank Brown - Jno. Cowan - later James Kerchner - remodeled Jas. Sprunt

No. 7 - Jas. Cassidy - occupied half the square - high ground garden on Front Street

No. 8 - office in old brick ruins

No. 9 - Rail way for vessels

No. 10 - residence opposite Cassidy - Lewis - JM Cazaux died this house - ADG and Martha - Darby's - fine oaks in front

No. 11 - Walker Morris

No. 12 - Mrs. Morris and son Jas. T and grandson Walker on back street from No. 11

No. 13 - Rhoda Gates

No. 14 - Main Top Smith

No. 15 - Sergeant Branch and house near (x) at foot of hill

No. 16 - Palo Alto house

No. 17 - Tabby Light - Jane Craig - on top of hill - down the hill to bridge over (18) Dudley's Pond and outlet and dam - iron pipes 19 - for water supplies for SS Mills on River Front

No. 20 - Rouse - constable on hill and east of Dudley's Pond

(13 - 14 - 16 - 17) - an off shade of respectability - bad refute and hence this section of town -

B.A.D.

Page 129

No. 21 - Aaron Lazarus Steam Saw Mill - Jno. A Taylor - Isaac Northrop - Sam and Harris - N and Wm Cummings

No. 22 - Madam Balinda Blake - Tom Howle - those who lived (1840-1860) know - let the curtain fall. Madam was converted and baptized by Rev. A. Paul Repeton - removed to Raleigh NC - hopes of a new life -

No. 23 - Called Baptizing Dock - swimming place for boys

No. 24 - Black Smith Shop and Machining - Wm Sutton - HY Taws - Tom Southward - ships work

wharves from foot Ann to Cassidy's - used for N/S yard and storage - no approach to river by Nunn and Church Street - high bluffs-

xxx- at this dock was built a Confederate Iron clad (1863-1864) Capt Jas. Whitehouse - Captain of Navy-

Beyond Northrop Mill - open space to -

A- Clarendon Iron Works - abandoned

B- AH Van Bokkelen still and shed and yard N/S - Fred Rhue - Foreman (1846/86)

4 - Wil Cotton Mill

5 - Rice Mill - Sam Potter - Ab. Wade (Miller) ? - destroyed by fire early morning /40s - never rebuilt

6- Jno. Wooster - still and yard N/Stores

7- SS. Mill EB Dudley - Parsley- W. Dickinson

8 - House in Oak Grove - occupied by Rich. Bradley and later Tho. F. Gause - Thurston and other mill employees-

9 - SS Mill and Planing Gilbert Potter - Potter & Kidder - Kidder & Martin - Edw. Kidder - EK and sons (Geo. Kidder - 1905)

10- Timber pens - in front of westside of Mills - lumber yards

11- Canal

12 - Rice field and swamp

13 - Green Mill -? - Eleares field to east - on main road south - to left ruins of old Green house and beyond Greenfield Pond - changed ? McIlhenny - I have seen this pond froze over in winter and skated - RB Wood - Frank Brown - HR Savage-

Page 130

Referring to No. 1 - my first recollection of this ground - afterwards sight of Mrs. Joe Hill's for boarders - A one story - long brick building used as a black smith shop by Stephen D. Wallace Father - open drain through yard - (toward river) from Willow Spring on 2nd Street - later Dr. Jno Hill (not Jno. H. Hill MD) erected this 2 story house - upon a one story brick basement or 1st floor - even with street - entrance to house 2nd story - by circular step north side - Mrs. Hill married 2nd time - Mr. _______ removed to Conn and for good and all. Her faithful man slvae "John" - I seen in NY 1880 - was Bank Collector - Mrs. Hill gave him freedom - occupied later by Dr. Fred. J. Swann and family - dau Sallie and sons Dr. Jno - Fred - Jas - Sam - Willie - they took boarders -

(later board) - in 1859 Richard Morris - I heard Pres. Jas. K. Polk (1849) speak from the porch of this house - in response to welcome by Wm Hill - demonstration by citizens - Ex- Pres Polk en route to his home - in Tenn.

47 - Capt. Nathan Brickhouse and father in law (Dixie)

Capt Brickhouse - "old salt"- ashore as dray man and mill man-

48 - Louis P. French - lived on next big lot - daughter Mary Ann - married Sam Frank and moved to sound

49 - Store - later on corner

50 - Negro shanties - scrub oak - dog fernal sand and wire grass - woods and bushes

Page 131

1- NE corner of Dock and Front built by Dr. Jno. Hill - boarding Mrs. Joe Hill - Ford - Morris - FI Swann - Store Adrian and Vollars before office Doct. ?

2 - Lewis Lane - Peter Walker - ED Hall - married daughter Lane - this house - Mrs. ? Burr - JG Burr - married her - ? Jno Hill- Mrs. Hill

3 - Bradleys and Jewetts

4- alley to 2nd Street

5 - Presbyterian Church burnt May 1859

6 - Lesson room in rear

7 - Mrs. Sara Lillington - Mrs. M Walters

8 - Jno. Banks

9 - H. Law ? - later Jno Dawson house

10 - I Northrop (4 -alley)

11- Dr. WI Harriss

12 - ? and Jewett

13 - Horace Burr

14 - Mrs. Dunliffen

15 - GW Davis - Dr. Anderson

16 - Peter Carn. Colored

17- '76 said to be built by Gregory - Mrs. Prescott - sailor - Mrs. Warner Hotel

18 - store

19 - Jno Dawson Hariss

20 - Julia Rivera Min ? - Tan Yard bottom

21- Mrs. Wm. Cook Miss Cowan

22 - Harvey ? - Geo Myers - Dr. F

23 - St Johns Lodge - TW Brown

24 - short alley

25 - Jas. Anderson built by Sol. Nash

26 - House

27 - Dr. Anderson Office

27 - Baptist church removed to corner Market and 5th (old Circus lot)

28 - Capt. Huntington - Geo. Ferguson - Berry Dr. Sch?

29 - Mrs. Green Daniel

30 - Wm Purnell - Adam Empire

31- Chris Dudley - Chadbourne

32 - since built - Draper

33 - Rich. Morris (1852)

34 - all vacant (1860) since built on

35 - Jno. A. Parker - Tom Evans - CE Robinson

36 - Parker - WR Kenan

37 - Sally Burnet - negro

38 - Henry P. Russell - Barlow - Cazaux - NW Schenck 1862/64 - house burned 1864

39 - Capt. Chas. D. Ellis - burned Nov. 1864

40 - Eph Westcott - Mrs. Cowan and Mrs. Green

41 - PW Fanning 1850-53

42 - Ezra Wood 1848-49

43 - Dutchman shop

44 - Nat Fowler - son John

45 - Henry Dudley 1850 - Geo. Houston 1862 - Davis S. North

46 - Capt. Jas. Whitehead 1860 - James and Eliza Daggett

Page 132

A- Ben Berry - Cummings

B - Geo. Cofer - Bakery and home

C - Wash Green - Hartsfield - Thom. Evans

D - Walker Mears

E - Solomon Moore

F - Turner - PWF - JC Wood - NW Schenck

G - Bell

H - Miss Brown

I - House

J - DW Wood 1848 - Hawthorne - Schenck

K - Geo. Ferguson 1847

L - Henry S. Haines 1847

M - Toomer

N - L.F. Burr

1 - J.W. Player

2 - Old wooden house

3 - small houses - down grade to Sergeant's Branch - bushes and under growths

V - Boiling Spring on edge of ravine - to east from road

Highland hills - up the road going South - quite an elevated plateaux - bushes - sand and grass - chinquapin and berry bushes

W - 2 story wooden house on high ground - occupied at one time by Duke Walker (colored) - this portion - outer limits of town to southern and toward east - high ground and overlooks River (Cape Fear) - Brunswick County - Mills - toward west and north west - good view of city

Page 133

A - old brick ruins - English called Williams Castle - dilapidated - occupied by poor people -

Wm Sorbett - kept Negro School in 1st story and Uncle PWF sent - 8 apprentice boys - I went some times with the boys - Sorbett - tall fine frame and face - white hair - big white crescent

B and C - small wooden houses - belonged to Fergus - D Buie and Mrs. W

D- in rear Jane lived

Charlie King built on corner

E - Gov Dudley -Mrs Cowan - Buck Gause - Hall McKoy

xx - house since - Brad Jewett

(E) - Dan'l Fergus Sam P Gause - ? Gause

F- one story wood - high piazzas - Tom Harden RB Wood - drive

G- Col. Jno McRae - married - son Walter (Sparrow) - daughter Caroline married _________

Mag married Gurganous - Sally married Chatir

CC- Howe - house and garden

2 - since corner house

IAS - IA Sinclair

Miller - I and T Miller and Mrs. Harris

3 - house

(1) - Tar yard works and ? - since street filled in

(3) - house on corner - Radcliffe Evans

4 - Jno. T. Hewett - moved Jumping Run

5 - 6 - deep ravines - houses built - Parsley -? - Waddell

7 - Green School house

8 - D. Baldwin - Miss Northup

9 and 10 - Latimers - on corner ? Wallace

11 - Sutton

12 - Deal

13 - Rev. BL Hoskins

14 - alley - down alley Wm. Busch - Miss ?

(14) PW Fanning - 1837/54

15 - Kelly of Kelly and McGraft

N - open lot Miss Waddell School - Mrs. Gardner Ellis

M - Henry Sampson - Wheelwright - Catholic Church

0 - Gilbert Pollen Stable

P - Morris-Williams - later SP Polly - Geo. Myers - Dan Russell

Q - Alley through

R - WH Lippitt - Burris - DeRossett

S- Jno. Williams - WAN Lippitt

T - High sand hill occupied 2 lots - negro houses - Mollie Swann - Nancy Quinor - since Jethro Ballard - Wm Potter - Ackinson - D. Bellamy

U- JC and RB Wood stable and fancy cow and wood shed - since with

ZZ - Latimers

TS - Tim. Savage - Waddell - Jones - Bacon

X - Ed Savage - Henry

V - Jno. K. Dix - Bond

A- Hall and Armstrong - Jas. W. Johnson -Higgins - offices up stairs-

B - Wm.C. Lord - Mrs. Lord

C - Silas N. Martin - Cazaux

E - office Dr Anderson - Wright - Mears and Dr. ?

D- Tho. H. Wright - Wm. McRary - Lord Cornwallis H. Qr. - 1782

E - Wallace

F - Sam. Shuter - Jno ? - Boatwright

G - Old Circus ground - open field - Residence Dr. AJDR - Vollers

H - Tower - Town Bell

I- J- K- residences - RG Rankin - Langdon - Ned Russell - Guy Hotchkiss - Destrach - Leamans Bakery

L- residence - EP Hall - Mrs. Beach, Miss Marks

M - stores and offices - Mrs. Jewett School - dental office - Simpson-

Page 134

A - Tomb of Cornelius Harnett

1 - Old St. James Church - formerly located building as street - burying ground - in old days walking the side walk - straight east - carried you into the church - torn down by order Church Committee - (TH Wright - WC Lord)

2 - wooden 1 story - called sessions room - built for meeting - S/S and day school by St. James - at one time Court was held - "Solomon Tates" - a half breed - was here tried for murder and acquitted - Polls - held here - lectures and concerts - late years School - Miss Hetty James and Miss Kate Burr

3 - St James (PE) built - JC and RB Wood

4 - WA Wright Esq. - married Hill - daughter - Claypool - married Mears - Callie - Florence married Potter - 2nd Atkinson - Jos. H - Wm Aug - married Lee Holmes -

Rev. Wooten - married Yonge Jewett

5 - large lot

6 - house Don McRae Jr. -

7 - Jno. A. Taylor built Vault above ground - when near completion - blown up by powder

about 9 PM - abandoned (Who?)

8 - town burying ground

9 - St. James burying ground - filled with graves of the older people - closed -

many bodies removed to Oakdale

1- Gabriel Holmes - stable - East end Negro burial ground - Ed Kidder residence built by Geo. Ferguson and additions Lot to 4th St.

2- 3 - field x - Prince Labou (Nichols) 1840 - Negro lived at x - sons Dan Carpenter - David and Babery - respectable Later residence - Jas. Chadbourne - Levi A. Hart - xx Williams Alley -

4 - 1850 garden attached to House 5 - grounds of Presbyterian Church - Chadborn ? And house

5 - residence - Rich. Bradley - Jno. C. Ward - Duncan Moore - TF Peck - AH Van Bokkelen -

rest of square open - since improved

B to C - sawdust walk - dotted line - so across 4th Street to ? McRae - for pedestrians and to avoid sand

(C) - along 4th Street - no house 1845 - since improved

Page 135

1 - Capt. Hartman 1838- CW Fanning - Wm Hartman - Clayton Giles

2 - Wm B. Giles 1840 - Wm. Yonge - RB Wood - OP Mears - D. Burbank

3 - Neil McLaurin (1844) - Jos. Murphy - Mike Cronley

4 - Later - Bailey put up residence

5 - Kelley (father Geo. And Oliver) - Abram Baker married Ward - Alergo Ward - T and S Haines - Rob Houston - on this lot - Abram Baker - brother Daniel B - whipped his slave result death -

I remember standing at window - house Uncle Phin - Orange St and seeing Sherif I. Fennell - taking Baker to jail - suspicious death of Baker

6 - Mrs. Hendrick - daughter Martha married TH Harvey - son John J - married Berry - Hendrick and Ryan- Col. Conf ?

7-8- rear gardens - McLaurin and Giles - no houses

9 - Iver McCallum 1840- sons Arch and Jas

10 - 1840 Mrs. Russell - son Charles - Joe - Henry - daughter Lizzie

(all the houses on this square 1840)

xxx deep ravine - extending into Tan yard - west side of 3rd Street - since filled in

xxxx - Negro houses -

ooo - up alley Henry Sampson (colored) fiddler and wheelwright - shop at right Catholic Church - Dock Street

* well in street

AA - Nathan Green - colored - wheelwright - shop in Dock Street - later residence JH Neff

B- house built by PW Fanning - sold to ? - since Burr (Burr and Bailey) - residence Rev. Pritchard - died here Y.F. 1862

C - Hilsey - colored - copper smith - rest of square vacant 1840 - since many buildings

Page 136

1 - Vacant lot - this corner

2 - Leamans put up store later - and his son had store and sold bread -

3 - Mrs. Burnett - house back from street - sons - Dick (or Richard) - Henry - Jas - large garden front and rear to next street (4th)

x- Negro cabin - Mulberry trees - at Mrs. Burnett - attracted "We Boys"

5 - Jas. Stoakley - on corner Jas. Shackelford house at 6 - later Jno.W. Atkinson - Stevenson

and others

xx- Big Oak - 4th Street - in street - east from Mrs. Burnett - at this tree - Nick Robinson - killed Negro named Merrick - a big oak tree is on Third x x - Robinson tied and branded right hand

( ) guilty man - slaughter (old Court House - corner) intersection Market and Front by sheriff Fennell - as a boy was there and heard Robinson repeat - "God Save the State" - in open court - Judge reprimanded Jury and Robinson counsel - said "Robinson should have been hung - foul and brutal murder" - But the times - then! - What Jury would hang a white man for killing a Negro?

(In antebellum days) - Robinson was a Desperado - finally ran away and rest of square vacant for horses - later years across street from this tree ^^^ "Keatie" - a young white man - killed a kinsman - penalty 10 years

Continuing South along 3rd Street - left hand side house - Anthony - Fred and Pompey Howe - carpenters ? free slaves - WCB - sand hill down grade - cross continuation "Sergeant Branch" -Swamp and woods and bushes - ascend rising ground - high open plateau -so continuing on - the woods to Greenfield Pond -

Page 137

1 - open lot - Jewish Synagogue

2 - Miss Langdren - Armand Young - TD Meares

3- Alfred Martin - Maffett

4 - Mrs Robinson - Lady R - JJ Conley - WS Anderson - store

7 - Richard Morris - LH Marstellar - Williams

8 - Miles Costin - Col Atkinson

9 - Geo Sloan - Dr. Baldwin

10 - BF Mitchell

11 - Tom Holden

12 - Geo R. French -

13 - Mrs. Jones - Huggins

14 - Alvin Walker

15 - Jim Colhandy shop

x - ?

16 - Rectory St. Paul's

(7) - Miss Hannah Bowler

18 - Sam P Gause

20 - HB Eiler

21 - French brick tenament - DKMR - Northup ?

22 - Thunder and Lightening house - Miss Polly Moore - in the /40s - whole square open - dog fennel and scrubby oaks - diagonal? to McRae and Green houses

23 - DWW Haines - along 5th Street - west side - A Mindel - J. K.Williams -Arthur Holmes -

GR Harris - Mrs. Whitaker on corner - all in later years

24 - JB ? - Tom Jane ? - ? Coney - Ben Callais

o- Mulberry trees

25 - Rich. Owen Holmes - Dr. J ? died of Y. F. 1862

26 - Gen. Alex McRae - sons Archie - Jno - Alex - Don - Henry - Robert B. Williams - Walter - Cousin ? and grandmother - Hd. Ins. For Boys 1839/58 - moved to Love Grove

ll ll- houses since

27 - Wm. Peden and large grounds

x - Catholic School rear

A - 2 story wood - 1st house on this square - Jack Camem later - Ro. Gibb destroyed by fire - 1862

B - Wm. Cook - Capt Martin - McIver

C - Tom McIlhenny - Mrs. Quince

D - Mrs. Rivera - Ned Pierce - Ed Cantwell - bunkhouses - absorbed by school building

Mrs. Hemenway - Amy Bradley - 1865

E - Rich. Simpson - Pauline - Miss Amy Bradley

Page 138

Transcription from Charleston - News and Courier - Feb 1906

" The Negro population increase problem is attracting attention of wise men interested in such subjects. In 1880 Prof Gilliam announced that the Negro promised to increase his numbers in the United States in the brief space of a century to the alarming total of 200,000,000. Several years ago Thomas Nelson Page predicted, on a statistical authority, a Negro population of between 60,000,000 and 80,000,000 in the United States "before the end of the century". Prof Wilcox, of Cornell University, gives it as his opinion "that 25,000,000 is the maximum limit of the probable Negro population of this country a century hence, and it may fall several millions short of that figure." The present Negro population is 9,000,000."

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