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Measuring America: The Decennial Census from 1790-2000

This resource provides background on the Decennial Census including instructions given to enumerators.

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Census Questionnaires

View questionnaires from previous censuses.

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Explore Census Data

"Data.Census.gov is the platform to access data and digital content from the U.S. Census Bureau." "The Census Bureau is the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy."

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Census Records - History

The Census Bureau's National Processing Center (NPC) in Jeffersonville, IN, maintains copies of the 1910 to 2010 census records. Records from the censuses of population and housing are publicly accessible 72 years after each decennial census' "Census Day." The most recent publicly available census records are from the 1940 census, released April 2, 2012.

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United States Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau has been headquartered in Suitland, Md. since 1942, and currently employs about 4,285 staff members. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. The U.S. Census Bureau is overseen by the Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA) within the Department of Commerce. The Economics and Statistics Administration provides high-quality economic analysis and fosters the missions of the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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Historical Census Browser

Census data files from 1790 - 1960. This site allows you to browse the data files for each decade and choose from the lists of variables. You can produce lists of data by state or county that can be sorted, calculate proportions, or graph any of the variables.

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Measuring America: the Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000

Measuring America provides a brief historical look at the decennial censuses, focusing on the questionnaires and instructions given, and the kinds of information gathered by each census. Included are illustrations of the actual census forms used, and a table to help determine the questions asked in each census. This source also provides information about locating historical statistics. While it does not include statistical data, Measuring America provides an overview of the evolution of the U.S. Census over time.

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Other Government Resources

Access Quick Local Data

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

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Census Academy

Learn more about the Census Department and how to access and use the data.

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