The First Amendment

The First Amendment states that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." (Source: 

This guide serves as a starting point for the researcher to learn more about resources regarding the First Amendment at Randall Library, along with resources freely available via official .gov websites. 

First Amendment & Free Speech: Background Information

Historical background information regarding the First Amendment

Freedom of Speech: Historical Background

From the Constitution Annotated at,

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First Amendment: Annotated

From the Constitution Annotated, at

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Free Exercise Clause in the First Amendment

From the Constitution Annotated at,

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Amendment 1: from the National Archives

From the National Archives and Records Administration, (NARA) 

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Contact Information

Government Information Librarian
Phone Number: 

Federal & State Documents-First Amendment Resources

These are federal and state publications regarding the First Amendment, produced from the various departments of the United States and North Carolina state government(s).

Religious Liberty and the First Amendment Defense Act

House hearing discussing tax-exempt status for religious organizations

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Sidewalks, Streets and Tweets: Is Twitter a Public Forum?

A Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, discusses former President Trump's use of Twitter and blocking user comments 

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The First Amendment: Categories of Speech

The nonpartisan Congressional Research Service describes the differences in types of speech

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First Amendment and Religion

From, a brief description of the two provisions concerning religion, within the First Amendment

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First Amendment: Law Enforcement Training

From the Office of Justice Programs and Bureau of Justice Assistance at:

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North Carolina State Constitution

The State of North Carolina's Constitution, with Preamble and Articles included.

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