MS001
Thomas J. Armstrong Papers
1859-1868

            Thomas J. Armstrong was the owner of a plantation at Rocky Point, NC, about 12 miles northwest of Wilmington.  (It was part of New Hanover County during the Civil War period.)  This collection of his private papers includes letters written by his son, Edward Hall Armstrong, during the Civil War; Edward Hall Armstrong’s photograph, his officers commissions, and his book on military tactics; eulogies for Edward by various persons; a letter from Edward’s body servant, a slave named Mose; and miscellaneous letters and documents, the latter including a receipt for a $1,000.00 Confederate bond.

            The majority of the private papers of Thomas J. Armstrong were purchased March 13, 1973 for $550.00 from Mrs. Clarence C. Council by the Randall Library for its Special Collections, and consists of letters written by his son, Edward Hall Armstrong, while serving as a Confederate officer during the Civil War.  Letters written to the son are not part of the collection.

            Edward Hall Armstrong participated in some of the decisive battles of the Civil War, saw action, and buried many comrades.  His letters described field events, such as marching for hours only to return to the original position, standing picket in the rain without cover, and in the snow without fire, shoes, or blanket.  He depicted the fortunes and misfortunes of the South through battles won and deteriorating conditions.  Although seeing the inevitable end, he continued to stand firm for Southern independence; even while admitting he had “no desire to see any more bloodshed.”

            This collection of Confederate Era Correspondence and memorabilia are of great historical significance to Civil War scholars and of special interest to residents of New Hanover County.

            The chronological inventory and the index, which follows, were compiled by Judith H. Davis, a member of the Randall Library staff.  She had worked extensively with the collection in compiling these tools and in preparing the documents themselves for preservation.

            This Collection has been designated Accession Number 1 of the Manuscripts Collection, Special Collections Department, William Madison Randall Library, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, North Carolina 28403-3297.  Literary rights to the Collection are retained by the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

 

D. Ronald Johnson

Librarian-in-Charge

Special Collections

April 2, 1976

Chronological Inventory and Description

 

            Each entity has been assigned an item number.  Index entries, which follow, refer to item and file numbers.  The parenthetically listed familial kinships refer to the person’s relationship to Edward Hall Armstrong. 

 

File 1, Item 1

1859

Receipt for Slave Purchase

 

File 2, Item 2

No date

School Paper written by Edward Hall Armstrong (EHA)

 

File 3, Item 3

1861 April 4

Letter; Chapel Hill, NC  EHA to Thomas J. Armstrong (TJA)

 

File 4, Item 4

1861 April 4

Letter; Chapel Hill, NC  EHA to TJA

 

File 5, Item 5

1861 September 9

Letter; Fayetteville, VA  EHA to his mother

 

File 5, Item 6

1861 October 2

Letter; Camp Fayetteville, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 5, Item 7

1861 October 20

Letter; Camp Rains, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 5, Item 8

1861 October 25

Letter; Yorktown, VA  EHA to his mother

 

File 6, Item 9

1862 March 26

Letter; Goldsboro, NC  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 6, Item 10

1862 May 15

Letter; Richmond, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 6, Item 11

1862 June 18

Letter; Richmond, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 6, Item 12

1862 June 29

Letter; Richmond, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 6, Item 13

1862 July 1

Letter; EHA’s Second Lieutenant Commission

 

File 7, Item 14

1862 July 6

Letter; Frazier’s Farm, VA  EHA to TJA, with stamped envelope

 

File 7, Item 15

1862 August 4

Letter; Richmond, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 7, Item 16

1862 August 26

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 7, Item 17

1862 August 31

Letter; Gainsville, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 8, Item 18

1862 September 17

EHA’s Captain Commission

 

File 8, Item 19

1862 October 17

Letter; Winchester, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 9, Item 20

1862 November 8

Letter; Front Royal, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 9, Item 21

1862 November 26

Letter; Gordonsville, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 9, Item 22

1863 January 2

Letter; Fredericksburg, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 9, Item 23

1863 April 15

Letter; Port Royal, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 9, Item 24

1863 May 3

Eulogy of Thomas E. Armstrong (EHA’s cousin)

 

File 9, Item 25

1863 May 4

Letter; Trenches, fragment.  EHA to TJA

 

File 10, Item 26

1863 May 9

Letter; Chancellorsville, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 11, Item 27

1863 June 3

Letter; Hamilton Crossing, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 12, Item 28

1863 June 13

Letter; Culpepper Court House, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 12, Item 29

1863 June 19

Letter; Sharpsburg, MD  EHA to TJA

 

File 12, Item 30

1863 June 29

Letter; Carlisle, PA  EHA to TJA

 

File 13, Item 31

1863 July 10

Letter; Hagerstown, PA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 14, Item 32

1863 July-August

Letter; fragment, date and place of origin unknown.  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 15, Item 33

1863 August 17

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 16, Item 34

1863 August 22

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 17, Item 35

1863 September 8

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA, with stamped envelope

 

File 17, Item 36

1863 September 10

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 17, Item 37

1863 September 25

Letter; Camp near Mitchel’s Ford, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 17, Item 38

1863 October 4

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to his mother

 

File 18, Item 39

1863 October 30

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA, includes letter to brother Tommie

 

File 19, Item 40

1863 November 6

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 20, Item 41

1863 November 13

Letter; Orange Court House, VA  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 20, Item 42

1863 November 27

Letter; Raleigh, NC  Eli W. Hall to TJA

 

File 20, Item 43

1863 December 4

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 20, Item 44

1863 December 20

Letter; M.A. Wright to her uncle, TJA, with envelope

 

File 21, Item 45

1863

Letter; fragment, date and place of origin unknown.  EHA to TJA

 

File 22, Item 46

1864 January 3

Letter; Thomas E. Armstrong (EHA’s uncle) to TJA, with envelope

 

File 22, Item 47

1864 January 11

Photograph of EHA in Confederate Uniform (Original negatives located in separate folder.)

 

File 22, Item 48

1864 January 11

Letter; Richmond, VA  EHA to TJA

 

File 22, Item 49

1864 January 14

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 22, Item 50

1864 January 26

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA (Currently not included in collection.)

 

File 23, Item 51

1864 January 26

Receipt of Greensboro Mutual Life Insurance and Trust Company, dated 11-1-1861 and enclosed with 1-26-1864 letter.

 

File 24, Item 52

1864 February 2

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 24, Item 53

1864 February 11

Letter, ‘On Picket’.  EHA to TJA

 

File 24, Item 54

1864 February 14

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA, with envelope

 

File 24, Item 55

1864 February 28

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 24, Item 56

1864 March 9

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to his mother

 

File 25, Item 57

1864 March 23

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 26, Item 58

1864 March 30

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 26, Item 59

1864 March

Receipt for $1000 Confederate Bond issued at Point Cape Fear Office, NC

File 27, Item 60

1864 April 5

Letter; Haw River, Alamance County, NC  F.D. Hoover to EHA

 

File 28, Item 61

1864 April 8

Letter; Camp 3 NC Troops.  EHA to TJA

 

File 29, Item 62

1864 May 8

Letter; M.W. Anders, on behalf of Mary M. Woten, to TJA, with stamped envelope

 

File 29, Item 63

1864 May 14

Letter; Reverend George Patterson notifying TJA of son’s wounds

 

File 30, Item 64

1864 May 15

Dispatch; Richmond, VA  A.A. Van Bokkelin listing EHA wounded

 

File 31, Item 65

1864 May 21

Letter; Hospital, Spotsylvania Court House, VA  EHA’s servant Mose to Mose’s mother

 

File 32, Item 66

1864 May 25

Letter; Hallsville, NC  Edward Armstrong (EHA’s uncle) to TJA

 

File 32, Item 67

1864 May 27

Letter; Hallsville, NC  Edward Armstrong to TJA

 

File 33, Item 68

1864 May 28

Letter; Hospital, Spotsylvania Court House, VA  EHA’s last letter to TJA

 

File 34, Item 69

1864 June 8

Letter; Hallsville, NC  Edward Armstrong to TJA

 

File 34, Item 70

1864

Obituary for EHA, newspaper clipping

 

File 34, Item 71

1864 October 22

Letter; Camp of 3rd Regiment of NC & Army of Northern Virginia  W.A. Riggs to TJA

 

File 34, Item 72

1864 December 28

Letter; Hallsville, NC  Edward Armstrong to TJA

 

File 35, Item 73

1865 January 12

Letter; Petersburg, VA  Reverend W.H. Moore to TJA, with stamped envelope

 

File 36, Item 74

1868 January 1

Lease of TJA’s land in New Hanover County to Reubin A. Corbett and A.B. Corbett, with stamps

 

File 37, Item 75

No date

General instructions for the Picket along the river and other military instructions

 

File 37, Item 76

Book

EHA’s copy of Hardee’s Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics, Volume I  1861 (Included in a separate envelope within the MS.)

 

File 38

Verbatim typescripts of Items 4, 21, 23, 30, 31, 39, 61, 65, 68

 

File 39, Items 1-29, Acc #1

EHA's military records

 

File 40, Items 1-19, Acc #1, Add #2

Photocopied letters from EHA to his family (1860-1885)

 

File 41, Item 1, Acc #1, Add #3

TJA's boyhood reminiscences (photocopy of typescript)

 

File 42, Item 1, Acc #1, Add #3a

Notarized statement by Stephen Carroll Pearsall

 

File 43, Item 1, Acc #1, Add #4a

Microfilm errata sheet

 

File 44, Items 1-9a, Acc #1, Add #5

Photocopies of letters, military forms, and letters from Mose (1863-1870)

 

File 45, Items 10-11, Acc #1, Add #5

TJA's narrative of boyhood reminiscences (photocopy)

 

File 46, Item 1, Acc #1, Add #6

TJA's narrative of boyhood reminiscences (original document)

 

File 46, Item 2, Acc #1, Add #6

March 21, 1867

Letter from Munnie to TJA

 

File 46, Item 3, Acc #1, Add #6

November 30, 1870   

Letter from TJA to Tommie

 

File 47, Items 1-19, Acc #1, Add #7

Armstrong Family private papers, 1859-1885 (original documents)

 

File 48, Item 1, Acc #1, Add #8

Transcription of Armstrong Family narrative by TJA; transcribed by Stephen Carroll Pearsall

 

File 49, Item 1, Add #5a

Personal check

 

Envelopes listed with items are included in a separate packet within the MS.

 

 

Index

 

            Personal names, place-names, battles and the more significant subjects are indexed.  Whenever possible, full names have been provided, even though the letters themselves mention only parts of the name.  Spellings have been verified and cross-references from variant spellings appear.  A bibliography of sources used in establishing complete names of soldiers and place-names is appended to the index.  Parts of names supplied by the compiler are indicated in parentheses.

            Soldiers, citizens and places may be assumed to be Southern unless noted otherwise (e.g. Grant, General (Ulysses Simpson, U.S.)).  To aid differentiation between persons of the same or incomplete name, family relationships are occasionally noted, stated as the person’s relation to Edward Hall Armstrong.

            The index entries are keyed to file folder number and item number, i.e. 24-52 indicates file number 24, item number 52--Edward Hall Armstrong’s letter of February 8, 1864 from Camp 3 NC Troops to his father, Thomas J. Armstrong.  The index in arranged in alphabetical order, word by word, except titles.

 

Last name unknown

 

---, Alex, 5-7, 18-39

---, Amos, 22-48, 24-56

---, Annie Jane (Cousin), 10-26, 22-48

---, Barbara, (Cousin), 10-26, 22-48

---, Dealty (Mose’s Aunt), 31-65

---, Dick, 12-29

---, Frank (Uncle), 15-33, 16-34

---, George, 10-26

---, Harry, 22-46

---, James (Uncle), 22-50

---, John (slave), 1-1

---, Martha, 22-46

---, Mary, 6-11

---, Miss Mary, 31-65

---, Mary (Aunt), 8-19, 22-49

---, Mose (EHA’s servant), 9-23, 10-26, 12-29, 12-30, 16-34, 17-36, 17-37, 18-39, 20-41, 22-48,

      22-49, 22-50, 24-54, 24-55, 24-56, 25-57, 28-61, 33-68, 34-69; letter from 31-65

---, Mose, 31-65

---, Rachel (Cousin), 22-50

---, Thom, 5-5

---, Thomas, 31-65

---, Tom, 29-63

---, Tom (Cousin), 22-50

---, Tony/Tomy, 32-67

---, Willie, 32-67

 

A

 

Airbright, James W., 23-51

Alabama Regiment, 5-7

Albritton, Captain (James Henry), 13-31

Allegiance Oath to the United States, 16-34

Anders, M. W., 28-62

(Armstrong), Bobbie, 7-15, 7-16, 8-19, 11-27, 15-33, 16-34, 18-39, 24-54

Armstrong, Edward Hall, arrested, 9-21, 9-22; commissions:  2nd Lieutenant, 6-13, Captain,

      7-18; correspondence:  item numbers 3-12, 14-17, 19-23, 25-41, 43, 45, 48-50, 52-58, 60-61,

      68; dispatch, 30-64; last letter, 33-68; obituary, 34-70; photograph, 22-47; school paper, 2-2;

      student, 3-3, 4-4; wounded, 29-63, 30-64, 31-65, 32-66, 32-67, 34-69

(Armstrong), Hugh, 22-46, 32-66

(Armstrong), Mollie, 8-19, 10-26, 11-27, 16-34, 17-35, 17-38, 18-39, 19-40, 21-45, 22-50,

      24-53, 24-54, 25-57, 26-58, 28-61

(Armstrong), Monnie, 7-15, 7-16, 8-19, 11-27, 15-33, 17-37, 18-39, 24-54

Armstrong, Nick, 5-6, 5-7, 6-9, 29-63, 32-66, 32-67

Armstrong, Thomas E. (Uncle), 5-7, 5-8, 8-19, 22-46

Armstrong, Thomas Edward (Cousin), 8-19, 9-20, 9-21, 9-22, 9-23, 9-24; killed, 9-25, 10-26

Armstrong, Thomas J. (Father and recipient of almost all letters in collection), Confederate bond,

      26-59; lease, 36-74

Armstrong, Mrs. Thomas J. (Mother), 5-7, 8-19, 9-22, 17-37, 18-39, 19-40, 20-41, 20-43, 22-48,

      22-49, 22-50, 24-56, 29-63; letters addressed to, 5-5, 5-8, 17-38

(Armstrong), Tommie, 7-15, 9-23, 18-39, 19-40, 20-43, 22-48; letter to, 18-39

(Armstrong), Willie, 7-15, 18-39, 19-40

Army of Northern Virginia, 11-27, 17-37, 22-50, 27-60, 31-65, 34-71

Army of the Potomac, (U.S.), 26-58

Asbury, Bishop, 11-27

Ashby’s Gap, (VA), 9-20

Ashe, Captain (Richard J.), 5-6

 

B

 

Baker, Captain G(eorge) B., A Q.M., 15-33, 17-36, 18-39, 20-41

Baltimore, (MD), 12-29, 12-30, 13-31

Bannerman, Lieutenant Alex(ander) W., 6-12

Barrow, Lieutenant (Thaddeus) P., 30-64

Bartlett’s Mill, (VA), Battle of, 20-43

Battle, R. H. Jr., 7-18

Battle, (General Cullen Andrews), 25-57; Alabama Brigade, 25-57; brigade, 20-41

Battles:  Bartlett’s Mill on Mine Run, (VA), 20-43; Bethel, (VA), 5-7, 5-8; Chancellorsville,

      (VA), 9-24, 10-26, 12-28; (First) Cold Harbor, (VA, Third of the Seven Days’ Battles), 7-14;

      Frazier’s Farm, (VA, Sixth of the Seven Days’ Battles), 7-14; Fredericksburg, (VA), 9-24,

      9-25, 10-26; Gettysburg, (PA, U.S.), 13-31, 15-33; Malvern Hill, (VA, Seventh of the Seven

      Days’ Battles), 7-14; 2nd Battle at Plains of Manassas, (VA), 9-24; Mechanicsville, (VA,

      Second of the Seven Days’ Battles), 6-12, 7-14, 7-15; Petersburg, VA, 35-73; Richmond,

      VA, 6-10, 6-11, 6-12, 9-24; Sharpsburg, MD, 9-24; Spotsylvania/Spottsylvania C.H. (Court

      House), VA, 29-63, 30-64, 31-65, 33-68, 34-70; Wilderness Church, (VA), 10-26

Bealton Station, see (Bealeton Station, VA)

(Bealeton) Station, (VA), spelled Bealton, 18-39

Bell, Lieutenant (Robert N.), 7-15

Bellfield, (VA), 35-73

Benner (?), Colonel, 25-57

Berry, Mr., 34-71

Berryville, (VA), 9-20

Bethel, (VA), Battle of, 5-7, 5-8

Bethel Church, (VA), 5-7

Bladen, (NC), 17-35, County, 28-62

Blockade Running, 18-39

Bloodworth, Sergeant (William) A., 10-26

Blue Ridge, (VA), 9-21

Bordeaux, R.M., 36-74

Bordeaux, Mr., 9-22, 17-37, 17-38

Bordeaux, (Sergeant) Richard (Henry), 22-50

Bordeaux House, 19-40

Bouie, Captain, 22-46

Bounty due deceased men of NC and certificates necessary, 27-60

Bourdaux Field, NC, 36-74

Bourdeaux, 5-6

Bragg, (General Braxton), 17-37

Brandy Station, (VA), 20-41

Bridger, (Private George E.), 24-54

Brookes Station, 6-9

Brown, A.J., 28-61

Brown, Captain (Jim), 7-15, 9-25, 30-64

Brown, Governor (Joseph Emerson, of Georgia), 27-60

Bruce, J.R. & Company, 18-39

Brunswick, County, (NC), 20-44

 

C

 

Camp Fayetteville, (VA, Cockletown), 5-6, 5-7; letters from, 5-5

Camp Rains, (VA), letter from, 5-7

Campbell, Colonel (Reuben), P., 6-12

Cannons, Mr., 7-15

Cantwell, Captain (John) L., 30-64

Cape Fear River, (NC), 36-74

Capin, Lieutenant, 30-64

Carlisle, PA, (U.S.), 13-31, 26-58; letter from, 12-30

Carr, Captain O.W., 19-40

Casteen, see (Castine)

(Castine, Lieutenant. Andrew) J., spelled Casteen, 30-64

Chambersburg, (PA, U.S.), 12-30

Chancellorsville, (VA), 28-61, Battle of, 9-24, 10-26, 12-28

Chapel Hill, (NC), 17-35, 17-37

(Charlottesville, VA), spelled Charlottsville, 34-69

Charlottsville, see (Charlottesville)

Chicohominy River, (VA), 7-14

City Point, (VA), 6-10

Clark, Governor Henry T. (of NC), 6-13

Clarke, Lieutenant (James Foreman), 20-43

Clothing, 5-6, 8-19, 9-29, 17-35, 17-36, 18-39; cost of, 16-34, 17-35, 17-36, 20-41

Cobb’s (Thomas Reade Rootes) Legion, 5-7

Coke, Bishop, 11-27

Cold Harbor, (VA, First) Battle of, (Third of the Seven Days’ Battles), 7-14

Colston, General, (Raleigh Edward), 9-23

Commissions, 8-19; 2nd Lieutenant, 6-13; Captain, 7-18

Company A (1st Regiment NC Volunteers), 5-6

Company B (1st Regiment NC Volunteers), 5-6

Company C (1st Regiment NC Volunteers), 5-6, 5-7

Company G (3rd Regiment NC Troops), 6-12, 8-19, 9-21, 27-60, 34-70

Company H (3rd Regiment NC Troops), 9-21, 17-35

Company I (3rd Regiment NC Troops), 6-11

Company K (3rd Regiment NC Troops), 7-14, 8-19, 9-21, 17-35

Confederate Bond, 26-59

Confederate Point, (NC), 35-73

Cooke’s Battery from VA, 6-9

Corbett, A.B., 36-74

Corbett, Reubin A., 36-74

Cowan, Lieutenant/Captain John, 7-16, 13-31, 30-64

Cowan, Colonel R.H., 7-16

Cowhen, J., 6-13

Craig, Lieutenant, see Craige, Lieutenant (Cicero) H.

Craige, Lieutenant (Cicero) H. also spelled Craig, 30-64, 31-65, 33-68

Craige, J.B., 33-68

Culpepper C.H. (Court House, VA), 7-16, 7-17, 11-27, 12-28, 20-41

Currency, value of, 17-37, 24-55, 24-56

Curtis Park (steamer), 6-10

Cusburg (?), 5-8

 

D

 

Daniel’s (General Junius) Brigade, 25-57, 26-58

Darden, Lieutenant (Joseph) H., 30-64

Davis, Billy, 29-63

Davis, Julia (Cousin), 22-49

Davis, Willie, 6-9, 9-21

Deems, (Reverend Doctor Charles) F., 11-27

DeRosset, Colonel (William Lord), 7-15, 8-19

Deserters, Confederate States of America, execution of, 17-35

Dinduron (?), Lieutenant, 30-64

Ditching, 17-37

Dixon, Miss, 17-38

Dixon, Mrs., 17-38

Doles’, General (George Pierce) Georgia Brigade, 25-57

Donnell, W.C., 23-51

Duplin, (NC), 13-31, 14-32, 17-38, 20-43

 

E

 

Early, General (Jubal Anderson), 12-30, 26-58

Edmonson, Captain, 5-6

Elliot, Mr., 5-6

Ellis, Governor (John Willis of NC), 4-4

England, 34-69

Ennett, Major (William) T., 27-60, 30-64, 31-65

Episcopal Church, 11-27

Ewell, General (Richard Stoddert), 12-30, 16-34, 17-37, 26-58; Corps, 11-27, 13-31

 

F

 

(Faison, Lieutenant Colonel Frank), spelled Faisson, 6-12

Faisson, see (Faison)

Fayetteville, Camp, (VA) (Cockletown, VA), 5-6, 5-7; letter from 5-5

Federal Point, (NC), 3-3, 4-4

Fennel, Lieutenant Hardee, see Fennel, Lieutenant (Hardy) L.

Fennel, Lieutenant (Hardy) L., spelled Hardee, 6-12

5th Regiment of NC Troops, 5-7

1st Regiment of NC Troops, 6-9, 6-11, 6-12, 7-15, 25-57

Food, cost or lack of, 7-15, 7-16, 16-34, 18-39, 20-41, 22-49, 26-58, 28-61

Forrest, General (Nathan Bedford), 9-23

Fort Caswell, (NC), 3-3, 4-4

Fort Macon, (NC), 4-4

Fort Sumpter, see Fort (Sumter)

Fort (Sumter, SC), spelled Sumpter, 3-3

48th Regiment of NC Troops, 6-12

44th Georgia, 6-11, 6-12

46th Regiment of NC Troops, 19-40,

France, 34-69

Frazier’s Farm, (VA), Battle of (Sixth of the Seven Days’ Battles), 7-14

Fredericksburg, (VA), 6-9, 6-10, 9-22, 12-28, 14-32, 18-39, 31-65; Battle of, 9-24, 9-25, 10-26

Freeman, Doctor, 8-19, 33-68

Frerroman, Doctor, see Freeman

Front Royal, VA, 9-20

Futch, (Private) Hanson (M.), 17-35

Futch, (Private) John, 17-35

 

G

 

Gainesville, (VA), letter from, 7-17

Garrason, see (Garrison)

Garris, I.R., 6-12

(Garrison, Lieutenant Edward J.) spelled Garrason, 13-31

Gatlin, Adjunct General R(ichard) C., of NC, 7-18

Georgia, Brigade, 25-57; Georgians wounded, 6-11; Legislature, 27-60; scouting party, 5-7

Germana Ford, see (Germanna Ford)

Germann Ford, see (Germanna Ford)

(Germanna) Ford, (VA), spelled Germann and Germana Ford, 20-41, 20-43

Gettysburg, (PA, U.S.), Battle of, 13-31, 15-33

Goldsboro, (NC), 6-9, 6-10

Gordonsville, VA, 9-21, 22-49, 22-50

Grant, General (Ulysses Simpson, U.S.), 26-58, 28-61

Gray, 28-61

Green Castle, (PA, U.S.), 12-30

Greensboro, (NC), 7-15

Greensboro F. (Female) College, (NC), 15-33, 16-34

Greensboro Mutual Life Insurance and Trust Company, 23-51

Guinneas Station, (VA), 9-22

Gurganus, Lieutenant (Andrew) J., 30-64

 

H

 

Hagerstown, (MD), 12-29, 13-31

Hall, E.J., 32-66

Hall, T., 32-66

Hall, Eli, 7-14

Hall, Eli W., 20-42

Hallsville, NC, 9-23, 17-38; letters from, 32-66, 32-67, 34-69, 34-72

Hamilton’s Crossing, (VA), 12-28; letter from, 11-27

Hampton, (General Wade), Cavalry of, 17-37

Hand, Iez, 20-44

Hanover, C.H. (Court House, VA), 9-21

Hardee’s Rifle & Light Infantry Tactics, Volume I, 6-9, 76

Harrisburg, PA, (U.S.), 12-29, 12-30, 21-45

Harrods Mill, (VA), 5-7

Haw River, NC, 27-60

Hays’ (General Harry Thompson) LA Brigade, 20-41

Heath’s Division, see (Heth)

(Heth’s, General Henry) Division, 13-31

Hicks, Governor (Thomas Holliday of MD), 4-4

Hill, General A.P. (Ambrose Powell), 13-31, 17-37, 21-45, 26-58

Hill, General (Daniel Harvey), 5-6, 9-21; Division, 8-19

Hill, Sergeant (Owen) C., 8-19, 22-49

Hillsboro, (NC), 4-4

Hines, Captain (J.S.), 6-12, 7-15

Hines, Ginnie, 9-22

Hinton, 20-44

Hoke’s (General Robert Frederick) NC Brigade, 20-41

Holden, W.W. (Governor William W. of NC), 27-60

Holly Shelter, (NC), 17-35

Hood, General (John Bell), 17-37

Hood’s Texas Brigade, 17-37

Hooker, General (Joseph, U.S.), 11-27, 12-30; Hooker’s Army, 12-29, 12-30, 28-61

Hoover, F.D., 27-60

Horrel, (Private Americus) V., 17-35

Hospital, 2nd Corp. A.N.V, VA, 29-63, 31-65, 33-68

Howell, Mr., 9-20

Hyde, 5-6

 

 

I

 

Isler, Jim (?), 18-39

(Iverson, Colonel Alfred), 6-12

Ivison, see (Iverson)

 

J

 

Jackson’s Troops, 9-20

James, Adjt. (Theodore) C., 13-31, 30-64

Jamestown, (steamer), 6-10

Jenkins, General (Albert Gallatin), 12-29

Johnson, General (Edward “Allegheny”), 11-27, 16-34, 26-58; Division, 11-27, 22-50, 26-58,   

    27-60

Johnson’s Island Prison, Sandusky, Ohio, U.S., 14-32, 18-39

Johnston, see Johnson

Jones, Reverend John, 8-19, 32-66

Jones County, (NC), 27-60

 

K

 

Kellery’s Ford, see (Kelly’s) Ford

Kelley’s Ford, see (Kelly’s) Ford

Kelly, Isaac, 13-31, 14-32

Kelly, Lieutenant (Thomas) J., 13-31, 14-32

(Kelly’s) Ford, (VA), 10-26, 20-41

Kenan, Major, 7-14

Kenansville, (NC), 32-66, 32-67

Kentucky Governor (Magoffin, Beriah), 4-4

Ketchum, 6-10

Kidder, Mr., 18-39

King, Lieutenant (John) E., 30-64

Kyser, Miss, 17-38

 

L

 

Land lease, 36-74

Lane, Lieutenant (Christopher) C., 13-31, 30-64

Langdon, Captain (Richard) F., 13-31, 20-41, 20-43, 30-64

Lee, Bob, 7-14

Lee, Colonel (Charles) C., 5-7

Lee, Fitz H., see Lee, (Fitzhugh)

Lee, (Fitzhugh), spelled Fitz H., Cavalry of, 17-37

Lee, Sergeant (James) C., 7-14

Lee, General (Robert Edward), 11-27, 12-30, 16-34, 26-58

Leesburg, (VA), 24-55

Lillington, John, 7-16

Lincoln, (President Abraham, U.S.), 5-6; abduction plans, 9-23; ordering out troops, 3-3, 4-4;

     proclamations, 3-3, 12-29

Londontown, (PA, U.S.), see (Loudoun, PA, U.S.)

Longstreet, General (James “Pete”), 9-20, 12-29, 13-31, 17-37, 21-45

(Loudoun, PA, U.S.), spelled Londontown, 12-30

Love, Doctor, 8-19

Lowdermilk, Lieutenant (Zemeriah Hadley), 30-64

Lowe, Levin, 24-56

Lowe, Thos. H., 24-56

Lucas, W.H., Mrs., 22-47

Lynchburg, VA, 33-68, 34-69

Lyon, Lieutenant (Robert) H., 13-31, 30-64

Lyoon, see Lyon

 

M

 

McCaleb, Mrs., 20-44

McCaleb, Mary (Cousin), 22-49

McClammy, Lieutenant (Charles) W., 13-31, 30-64

McClamy, see McClammy

McConnelsburg, (PA, U.S.), 12-30

McCormick, 24-54

McCree, Sergeant, see McRee, Sergeant R.C. (Robert) C.

McDowel, Lieutenant Colonel (John A.), 6-12, 7-15

McIntire, D., 32-66

McIntire, Frank, 6-12

McIntire, Thos. Tate, 6-12

McPeake, 18-39

McRae, Bob (Captain Robert B.), 6-12

McRee, Doctor (James Fergus), 33-68

McRee, Sergeant R.C. (Robert) C., also spelled McCree, 31-65, 33-68

Madison C.H. (Court House, VA), 14-32

Magnolia, (NC), 32-66

Magruder, General (John Bankhead), 5-7

Mallett, Captain (Peter), 30-64, Company of, 6-11

Malvern Hill, (VA), Battle of (Seventh of the Seven Days’ Battles), 7-14

Manassas, (VA), Second Battle of, 9-24

Martin, Adjunct General James G., of NC, 6-13

Maryland, 4-4, 6-9, 8-19, 12-28, 12-29, 34-70

Massanutta Mountains, (VA), 9-21

Meade, General (George Gordon, U.S.), 16-34, 20-41, 22-50

Meares’, Captain (Edward) G. Company, 6-11; died, 12-29

Meares, Colonel (Gaston), 7-14

Mechanicsville, (VA), Battle of (Second of the Seven Days’ Battles), 6-12, 7-14, 7-15

Mercersburg, PA, U.S., 12-30

Merrimac (ship), 6-10

Methodist Church, 11-27

Metts, Mrs., 18-39

Metts, Lieutenant Jim (James Isaac), 28-61; prisoner, 14-32, 18-39; wounded, 13-31, 16-34

Middleburg, (VA), 12-30

Military Instructions, 37-75

Miller, 17-38

Miller, Mr., 9-20

Miller, C.B., 36-74

“Millroy”, 12-29

Millroy, General (Robert Huston, U.S.), 12-29

Mine Run, (VA), 20-43

Mitchel’s Ford, (VA), 20-41; letter from, 17-37

Money and pay, see Currency, value of, and Soldier’s pay

Monitor (ship), 6-10

Monk, James, 9-22

Monroe, Fortress, 5-7

Moore, 5-6

Moore, J.L., 1-1

Moore, Joel L., 26-59

Moore, John, 7-14

Moore, Reverend W.H., 35-73

Moore, Wm. L., 1-1, 18-39

Morehead, Colonel (James) T., 25-57

Morrow, George, 1-1

Morton’s Ford, (VA), 20-43, 24-52, 28-61

Mount Jackson, VA, 9-21

Mountain Run, 37-75

Mounted Rifles Cavalry, 12-29

Murray, Asa, 6-11

Murray, David, 6-11

 

N

 

Nash, Anita, 4-4

Nassau, (NY, U.S.), 18-39

New Berne, (NC), 6-9, 22-50

New Boston, (NC), 6-9

New Hanover County, NC, 3-3, 4-4, 20-42, 22-46, 36-74

New Inlet, (NC), 3-3

New Market, (VA), 9-21

New York, (U.S.), 4-4, 18-39

Newberne, (NC), see New Berne

Newport News, (VA), fall of, 6-10

North Carolina Standard (newspaper), 27-60

North Hampton (steamer), 6-10

 

O

 

Oak Plantation, NC, 36-74

Onslow, NC, 27-60

Orange C.H. (Court House), VA, 7-16, 7-17, 8-19, 14-32, 17-37, 20-41, 22-49; letters from,

     15-33, 16-34, 17-35, 17-36

Orange Guards, (NC), 4-4

Orange Light Infantry (NC), 3-3, 4-4

Ormsby, G. (Lieutenant George) M., 10-26, 30-64

Ormsby, R.S. (Private Robert S.), 6-12, 7-14

 

P

 

Parsley, Captain/Major/Colonel (William Murdock), 6-11, 7-14, 8-9, 11-27, 13-31, 16-34, 17-36,   

     17-38, 19-40, 20-41, 22-49, 22-50, 30-64, 31-65

Patterson, Reverend George, 11-27, 17-35, 17-38, 28-61, 29-63, 33-68

Pender’s (General William Dorsey) Division, 13-31

Pennsylvania, (U.S.), raid into, 12-29, 16-34

Petersburg, VA, 6-10, 22-48, 32-66; battle of, 35-73

Philadelphia Enquirer (newspaper), 9-23, 12-30

Picket, Jim, 5-6

Pickett, Lieutenant (Isaac) J., 30-64

Point Cape Fear Office, (NC), 26-59

Port Royal, (VA), letter from, 9-23

Potomac, 12-29, 16-34, 21-45

Potter, Lieutenant (Henry), 13-31

Potter, Liza, 17-38

Powers, Captain (Kinchen), 30-64

Provost Marshal’s Office, Richmond, VA, 6-10

 

R

 

(Raccoon) Ford, (VA), 20-41

Racoon Ford, (VA), see (Raccoon) Ford

(Rainer, Private John N.), spelled Rayner, 17-35

Rains, Camp, (VA), letter from, 5-7

Raleigh, NC, 6-13, 15-33, 17-36, 18-39, 20-42, 22-47

Ramseur, General (Stephen Dodson), 26-58; Brigade of, 20-41, 26-58

Ransom, 5-7

Rapanhannock River, see (Rappahannock River)

Rapanhannock Station, see (Rappahannock Station)

Rapid An, Rapid Ann, see Rapidan River, (VA)

Rapidan River, (VA), 12-28, 14-32, 17-37, 20-41, 28-61

Rapidan Station, (VA), 12-28

(Rappahannock River, VA), spelled Rapahannock, 9-22, 14-32, 20-41

(Rappahannock Station, VA), spelled Rapahannock, 20-41

Rattlesnake Gap, (VA), 9-21

Rayner, see (Rainer)

Red Hill Plantation, NC, 36-74

Revenue Stamps, 36-74

Rhodes, General, see Rodes, General

Rhodes, Lieutenant (Anthony) H., 8-19

Rhodes, Captain (Edward) H., 6-10, 8-19, 27-60

Richmond, VA, 7-16, 7-17, 8-19, 9-23, 13-31, 16-34, 17-35, 17-37, 20-41, 22-49, 26-58; bank

     of, 27-60; Battle of, 6-10, 6-11, 6-12, 9-24; dispatch from, 30-64; letters from, 7-15, 22-48;  

     newspaper, 9-23; Provost Marshal, 6-10; Surgeon General, 6-10; Transportation Department,

     6-10; War Department, 6-10

Riggs, W.A., 34-71

Ripley’s (General Roswell Sabine) Brigade, 8-19

Robinson, Evan, 9-21

Robitzsch, (Private John) E., 6-12

Robitzsch, (Sergeant Richard) F., 6-12

Robitzsch, (Private Robert) B., 6-12

Rocky Point, (NC), 17-35, 22-47, 24-54

Rodes, General (Robert Emmett), also spelled Rhodes, 12-30, 26-58; Division of, 12-29, 13-31,

     29-63

 

S

 

(Saint Thomas, PA, U.S.), spelled Thomastown, 12-30

Salt business, 7-15

Sandusky, OH, U.S., 14-32, 18-39

Savage, Major (Edward), 6-12

Scales, General (Alfred Moore), 35-73; Brigade of, 35-73

Scot, Obed, see (Scott, Lieutenant Obediah) R.

Scott, General, 4-4

(Scott, Lieutenant Obediah) R., spelled Scot, Obed., 6-12

Second Regiment of NC Troops, 6-9

Sharpsburg, MD, 24-56; Battle of, 9-24; letter from, 12-29

Shenandoah River, (VA), 9-20

Shepardstown, see (Shepherdstown, WV)

Sheperdstown, see (Shepherdstown, WV)

(Shepherdstown, WV), spelled Shepardstown and Sheperdstown, 8-19; cemetery, 12-29

Ship Point, (VA), 5-5

Shipensburg, (PA, U.S.), see (Shippensburg)

(Shippensburg, PA, U.S.), spelled Shipensburg, 12-30, 13-31

Sickels, see (Sickles, General Daniel Edgar)

(Sickles, General Daniel Edgar, U.S.), spelled Sickels, 6-9

Sidbury, Lieutenant (Amos), 13-31

Silers, Captain, 35-73

Skinner, Major (T.J.), 6-12

Slave sale receipt, 1-1

Smith, W.D., 22-48

Smith, W.N.H., 22-50

Smiths, 22-46

Soldier’s pay, 5-5, 18-39, 24-55, 24-56, 28-61

So. River, (NC), 16-34

Spartansburg, (NC), 18-39

Spotsylvania/Spottsylvania C.H. (Court House), VA, 12-28; Battle of, 29-63, 31-65, 33-68,

     34-70

Sprunt, Mr., 32-66, 34-72

Stafford, General (Leroy) A., 26-58

Standard, see North Carolina Standard

Staunton Road, (VA), 9-21

Stephens, Vice President (Alexander Hamilton, Confederate States of America), 27-60

Steuart, see also Stuart

Steuart, General G.H. (George) H., 26-58; Brigade of, 11-27, 22-50, 24-52; see also Stuart,

     J.E.B.

Steward, see Stuart

Stokely, Lieutenant (John) W., 30-64

Stokes, Colonel (Mumford Sidney), 6-11, 6-12, 7-15

Stone, Lieutenant (Irving) C., 13-31

Stoneman, General (George, U.S.), 17-37

Stonewall Academy, Mount Jackson, VA, 9-21

Stonewall Brigade, 25-57

Strasburg, (VA), 9-21

(Stuart, General James Ewell Brown), spelled Steuart, 26-58; Cavalry, 13-37

Summerville Fort, 37-75

Surgeon General, Richmond, VA, 6-10

Swan(‘s) Point, NC, 7-17, 9-23, 36-74

 

T

 

Taylor, Mrs., 9-22

Tennessee, 17-37

Tenth Regiment of VA, U.S., 25-57

Third Regiment of AK, 6-9

Third Regiment of NC Troops, 6-9, 6-11, 6-12, 6-13, 7-18, 8-19, 9-21, 9-24, 11-27, 22-50,

     27-60, 34-70, 34-71

Thirtieth Regiment of VA, 6-9

Thirty-Seventh Regiment of VA, 20-43

Thirty-Seventh Regiment of VA, U.S., 25-57

Thomastown, (PA, U.S.), see (St. Thomas, PA, U.S.)

Thompson, Captain, see Thomson

Thomson, Captain (William Hanry), 14-32, 30-64

Thornton, Captain, 30-64

Thorp, 22-46

Thruston, Major/Colonel (Stephen) D., 8-19, 9-21, 16-34, 22-49, 30-64

Thurston, see Thruston

Transportation Department, Richmond, VA, 6-10

Turkey Creek, NC, 17-37, 36-74

Twentieth Regiment of VA, 6-12, 7-15

Twenty-Second Regiment of NC Troops, 35-73

Twenty-Third Regiment of VA, U.S., 25-57

Typhoid fever, 8-19, 13-31

 

U & V

 

U.S. Fort, letter from, 10-26

Upperville, VA, 9-20

Van, Sheriff, 19-39

Van Bok, Mr., see Mr. Van Bokkellen

Van Bokkelen, Captain J. (John) F.S., 13-31, 18-39

Van Bokkelin, A.H., 30-64

Van Bokkellen, Mr., 7-17, 27-60; Van Bok, 18-39

Vance, Governor Zebulon B., 7-18, 25-57, 26-58

Vernon, John, 22-46

Vicksburg, (MS), 11-27, 13-31

Virginia, 6-9, 18-39; seceded, 4-4; troops, 4-4

 

W

 

Walker, General, 26-58

Walker, Doctor (Joshua) C., 27-60

War Department, Richmond, VA, 6-10

Ward, Lieutenant (George) W., 13-31, 20-43, 30-64

Warrenton, (VA), 7-17, 12-28

Warrn/Wann (?), Esquire, 17-38

Washington City (D.C.), 4-4, 12-30

Washington, NC, 9-23

Weekly Wilmington Journal (newspaper), 22-50

Wharton Studio, Raleigh, NC, 22-47

 Whites Creek, (NC), 28-62

Whitick, 5-7

Wilderness Church, (VA), Battle of, 10-26

Wilkeston, 26-58

Williams, Lieutenant Andrew J., 8-19

Williams, Bob, 7-14

Williams, Captain (David), 6-9, 6-11, 6-12, 7-14

Wilmington, NC, 1-1, 5-6, 5-7, 7-17, 13-31, 14-32, 15-33, 16-34, 17-38, 18-39, 20-42, 20-43,

     22-48, 28-62, 33-68, 34-72; companies, 3-3, 4-4; Weekly Wilmington Journal, 22-50; yellow

     fever, 8-19

Winchester, VA, 12-29, 12-30, 13-31; letter from, 8-19

Winder, General (John Henry), 6-10

Winthrop, 5-7

Wood, Sergeant, 27-60

Wood, Doctor (Thomas) F., 9-25, 14-32, 24-55

Woodstock, (VA), 9-21

Woten, Mary M., 28-62

Wright, Captain Joseph A., 6-12

Wright, M.A., 20-44

 

Y

 

Yellow fever (in Wilmington, NC), 8-19

York Point, (VA), 5-7

Yorktown, (VA), 5-5, 5-8

 

 

 

Thomas J. Armstrong

 

Private Papers, 1859-1868

 

Bibliography

 

Boatner, Mark Mayo III, The Civil War Dictionary.  New York:  David McKay Company, Inc.,

1959.

 

Clark, Walter, Editor, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in

the Great War 1861-1865.  Written by members of the respective commands.  5 volumes.

Raleigh, NC:  State of North Carolina, 1901.

 

Davis, George B., Perry Major, J. Leslie, and Joseph W. Kirkley.  Atlas to Accompany the

Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.  Compiled by Captain Calvin D.

Cowles, 23rd U.S. Infantry.  2 Volumes.  Washington:  Government Printing Office,

1891-1895.

 

Manarin, Louis H., Compiler, North Carolina Troops 1861-1865, A Roster, Volume III, Infantry.

Raleigh, NC:  State Department of Archives and History, 1971.

 

Sprunt, James.  Chronicles of the Cape Fear River.  2nd edition, Reprint.  Spartanburg, SC:  The

Reprint Company, 1973.  Reprint of 1916 edition in the North Carolina Collection,

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

 

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession No. 1, Addition No. 1:  1862-1865

 

Description

 

            These papers are photocopies of the public documents of Edward Hall Armstrong’s military service during the Civil War as a Confederate soldier.  These papers are the requisition forms signed by Armstrong, pay receipts, rosters of both the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina’s Volunteers and Infantry, Roll of Honor listings, and company muster rolls nothing his presence, furloughs, dates of promotion, and date and place of death. 

            These photocopies were made by the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and were received by the William Madison Randall Library on June 30, 1976.  They are preserved in File Folder 39, as Addition No. 1 to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.  Each item has been assigned a number.  Following is a biographical sketch and inventory.

 

Biographical Sketch

 

Edward Hall Armstrong fought in the Civil War as a Confederate soldier.  Born in Wilmington, NC, he enlisted from New Hanover County at the age of 21.  By his own description, he was 5’9” tall, had dark hair and gray eyes, and was by occupation a farmer.  His father, Thomas J. Armstrong, owned a plantation at Rocky Point, NC. 

            Edward Armstrong was a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill when the war broke out.  He left before graduating and joined Company G of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Troops.  Promoted rapidly, he was appointed a captain within months of his enlistment.

            Captain Armstrong was severely wounded in the Battle of Spotsylvania on May 12, 1864.  He died on June 7, 1864.

 

Chronological Inventory and Description

 

Item 1

January-February 1862

Company Muster Roll of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Infantry (State Troops)—hereafter termed CMR.  Notes the Edward Hall Armstrong (EHA), a 2nd Sergeant of Company G, enlisted February 21, 1862 from New Hanover County by Captain E.H. Rhodes for the period of “War”.  Noted EHA was last paid by Captain R.P. Atkinson (RPA); EHA was present during this two month period; and that he was promoted February 20, 1962.

 

Item 2

March-April 1862

CMR, EHA, now 1st Sergeant, was last paid by RPA to February 28, 1862.  EHA was present and promoted from 2nd Sergeant April 10, 1862.

 

Item 3

April 30 to July 14, 1862

CMR, EHA, last paid by RPA to April 30, 1862, was accounted present and “bounty paid $50.00.”

Item 4

July 1862

Roll of Honor, listing EHA’s promotions

 

Item 5

July 1862

Register, records EHA’s promotion of July 1, 1862, to 2nd Lieutenant

 

Item 6

July 1862

Roster of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers (RV), notes EHA’s promotion of July 1, 1862, and names successor as J.J. Mitts.

 

Item 7

July 1862

RV, lists EHA’s promotion of July 1, 1862, and names successor Jas. F. Clark.

 

Item 8

July 14 to October 31, 1862

CMR, EHA present and promoted to Captain on September 17, 1862.

 

Item 9

August 16, 1862

Receipt for payment of $80.00 to EHA as a 2nd Lieutenant, from July 1 to July 31, 1862.

 

Item 10

September 17, 1862

Roll of Honor listing EHA as a 2nd Lieutenant and noting his promotion to Captain on September 17, 1862

 

Item 11

September 17, 1862

Roll of Honor listing EHA as a Captain

 

Item 12

November-December 1862

CMR, showing EHA present for these two months.

 

Item 13

December 18, 1862

Quartermaster’s Account Record, giving personal and enlistment information about EHA.  This form is a request and receipt for $63.00 pay to EHA.  Of this sum, $40 was pay for May and June of 1862 (@$20 per month) and $23 for “Commutations for Clothing for Six Months.”

 

Item 14

January-February 1863

CMR, noting EHA’s absence “on 20 days furlough since February 16, 1863.”

 

Item 15

February 28 to May 15, 1863

CMR, lists EHA as present

 

Item 16

May 15 to August 11, 1863

CMR, EHA present

 

Item 17

August 11 to August 31, 1863

CMR, EHA present

 

Item 18

September-October 1863

CMR, EHA present

 

Item 19

November-December 1863

CMR, EHA absent “with leave since December 23/63, for 18 days.”

 

Item 20

1863

RV, lists EHA as 1st Lieutenant, promoted September 16, 1863.  This information appears to be spurious.  EHA was promoted to Captain on September 17, 1862.

 

Item 21

February 5, 1864

Requisition (R) for shoes from John H. Scott, William M. Thompson, William Sutton, and T.F. Hewitt.  Requisitioned by EHA, as Commander of Company G, 3rd NC Troops.  Notes Captain R.F. Langdon will issue the articles approved by Commanding Major Wm. T. Ennett.

 

Item 22

February 20, 1864

R, for jackets for Private Lewis J. Packer and Private J.Q. Adams and pants for Private W.L. Wilkins.  Requisitioned by Lieutenant James F. Clark, Commander of Company G, and approved by EHA as Regiment Commander.

 

Item 23

February 25, 1864

R, for shoes for Levi Phillips, requested by EHA and approved by Lieutenant Colonel Wm. M. Parsley.

 

Item 24

February 29, 1864

R, for pants for Private John M.L. Wallace, requisitioned by N.A. Graham and approved by EHA as regiment commander.

 

Item 25

March 31, 1864

R, for clothing for ten soldiers, requested by EHA and approved by Colonel S.D. Thruston.

 

Item 26

August 31, 1864 to December 31, 1864

CMR, “Died about 9 June 1864 from wound received in battle Spotsylvania C.H. May 12/64.”

 

Item 28

January 1865

RI, listing EHA as Captain, then noting Date of Vacancy due to “Deceased of wounds received in battle Spotsylvania C.H.”

 

Item 29

No date

RV showing date of EHA’s death as June 7, 1964 and naming his successor to be J.J. Mitts.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession No. 1, Addition No. 2:  1860-1885

 

Description

 

            These papers are photocopies of letter primarily from Edward Hall Armstrong, a Confederate soldier, to his family.  The originals belong to Martha Pearsall of Rocky Mount, NC, who loaned her papers to the William Madison Randall Library of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, for study and photo duplication, in June of 1977.  Martha Pearsall’s mother was Barbara Susan Armstrong Pearsall—Edward’s sister, Bobbie.  Some of these items are photocopies, not of the original letters, but of transcripts of the originals, copied by Martha Pearsall and her family.  Letters written to Edward Hall Armstrong are not part of the collection.

            Included in this group of papers is a transcript of “Camouflage Against Raiders” found in Women of the South in War Times, compiled by Mathew Page Andrews, and published by Norman, Remington Company.  This article describes the experiences of Rachel Pearsall of Kenansville, Duplin County, NC, in hiding food and possessions from raiders while her husband, David Pearsall, was away from home fighting in the Confederate Army.

            These papers are preserved in file folder 40, as Addition No. 2 to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.

            The original letters are the private and literary property of Miss Martha Pearsall and the Armstrong Family descendants.  Requests for permission to publish, copy, or transcribe these papers should be directed to Miss Pearsall.  Each item has been assigned a number.  Following is a biographical sketch and inventory.

 

EDWARD HALL ARMSTRONG

Biographical Sketch

 

            Edward Hall Armstrong, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War, wrote home frequently and descriptively relating his experiences as a soldier and officer.

Armstrong was born in Wilmington, NC on May (11?), 1841, the oldest child of Martha Ann Wilson and Thomas James Armstrong.[1]  Their other children (in descending order) were named Mary (Mollie), Martha Anne (Monnie), Barbara Susan (Bobbie), Thomas James (Tommie), William Wilson (Willie), Ella and Mary.  Edward’s mother, Martha Ann Wilson Armstrong, was born on September 15, 1820, married Armstrong on October 5, 1835,[2] and died on December 31, 1858.[3]  Thomas J. Armstrong soon remarried.  By his second wife, Martha (Mattie) Freeman Armstrong, his children were Sarah Isabella (Bell), William and Sammy.  His third wife was Mrs. Hulda Moore Armstrong, a childless widow, by whom he had no children.  His fourth wife was Alice Bordeaux Armstrong with whom he had one child, Richard James Armstrong.  These names of Thomas James Armstrong’s wives and children were provided by his granddaughter—Barbara Susan Armstrong Pearsall’s daughter, Martha Pearsall of Rocky Mount, NC.[4] 

According to Mrs. Pearsall, the Thomas J. Armstrong family moved from Wilmington to Swan’s Point, NC, when Monnie was born.  During the Civil War, Thomas J. Armstrong had a salt business in Wilmington, however, the family continued living at Swan’s Point.  

Edward studied at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1858 to 1861.[5]  During the war, his letters home reveal that his sisters, Mollie, Monnie and Bobbie, studied at Greensboro (NC) Female College and he urged his father to hire a tutor for Tommie and Willie.[6]

Edward had two cousins named Thomas Armstrong, which gives rise to confusion in these letters.  One was the son of Edward Armstrong of Hallsville, NC, and the brother of Nicholas (Nick) Armstrong.  Thomas and Nick were both Confederate soldiers and both survived the war.

The other cousin was Thomas E. Armstrong, son of Isham Armstrong of Ashton, NC.  He was married to Annie Jane Bordeaux.  This Thomas Armstrong was promoted to Captain (of Company K, Third Regiment, NC State Troops) at about the same time Edward received his captain’s commission.[7]  He and Edward both fought at Chancellorsville, VA, where Thomas was killed.  Edward saw to his removal from the battlefield and his burial.

It would be repetitive to list Edward’s wartime experiences here.  The researcher is instead referred to Manarin’s North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 (footnote 6); Walter Clark, editor, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865, written by members of the respective commands, 5 volumes, Raleigh, NC:  State of North Carolina, 1901; but especially to Edward’s letters to his family in this group of papers, and in the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885 (Accession No. 1).  The Military Service of Edward H. Armstrong, 1862-1865, are also available and described in Accession No. 1, Addition No, 1. 

Though he joked in his letters about marriage, Edward was never married.  His sister Bobbie, Barbara Susan Armstrong, was born on May 29, 1848.  Edward Dixon Pearsall was born on February 6, 1848.  They married on May 11, 1876, and their daughter, Martha Ann Pearsall, was born on December 23, 1891.  These dates are taken from a bibl in Martha Pearsall’s possession.  According to Miss Pearsall, Millie married David Everett, a former Confederate soldier, after the war and died young.  Monnie (March 10, 1846-June 5, 1935)[8] married Wilson Hodges Lucas.

Edward was wounded in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, VA, on May 12, 1864, and died on June 7, 1864.  His body was brought home to Swan’s Point.[9]

 

Inventory

 

            All of the items listed below are photocopies, some of original papers, some of handwritten transcripts.   The latter items are listed as transcripts in the inventory.

 

Item 1

November 10, 1860

Letter, Chapel Hill (NC), Edward Hall Armstrong (EHA) to his stepmother, Martha Freeman Armstrong at Rocky Point, NC--Transcript, 3 pages.

 

Item 2

July 9, 1861

Letter, Yorktown, VA, EHA to his father, Thomas J. Armstrong (TJA) at Rocky Point, NC—Transcript, 2 pages

 

Item 3

August 11, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA.  Mentions Malvern Hill battle and his appointment as Lieutenant of Company G, 3rd NOC Troops—Transcript, 2 pages

 

Item 4

August 11, 1862

Typescript of item 3, 2 pages.

 

Item 5

December 5, 1862

Letter, Port Royal, VA, EHA to TJA.  Relates how his near court-martial was resolved.  Requests a servant to be sent to him.  Asks about his father’s salt business in Wilmington, NC—6 pages

 

Item 6

December 18, 1862

Letter, Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to TJA.  Describes Fredericksburg battle from his viewpoint—Transcript, 3 pages.

 

Item 7

February 11, 1863

Letter, Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to his sister, Bobbie--Barbara Susan Armstrong (BSA)—3 pages

 

Item 8

May 14, 1863

Letter, United States Ford, VA, EHA to his sister, Mollie—Mary Armstrong (MA).  Writes of funeral service for his cousin, Thom Armstrong, killed in recent battle—2 pages.

 

Item 9

May 26, 1863

Letter, Hamilton’s Crossing, VA, EHA to TJA.  Mr. Bordeaux visited to bury Thom Armstrong in coffin, wished to take body home but couldn’t, so reburied the body.  Speculates about future of the South.  States, if he is killed, his desire to be buried at home rather than on the battlefield, if possible—4 pages.

 

Item 10

August 7, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to BSA—4 pages.

 

Item 11

September 18, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to MA—2 pages.

 

Item 12

March 8, 1864

Letter, Camp 3 NC Troops, EHA to MA.  Writes of the “Black Flagg- no prisoner policy”—3 pages.

 

Item 13

March 8, 1864

Typescript of item 12—2 pages.

 

Item 14

March 16, 1864

Letter, Camp 3 NC Troops, EHA to BSA—2 pages.

 

Item 15

March 16, 1864

Typescript of item 14—2 pages.

 

Item 16

May 19, 1864

Letter, Swan’s Point, NC, TJA to his daughters, Monnie-Martha Ann Armstrong, and BSA.  Notifies them of his receipt of dispatch stating EHA has been wounded.  Letter includes transcript of dispatch—4 pages.

 

Item 17

May 19, 1864

Typescript of item 16—2 pages.

 

Item 18

October 1, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, Thomas Armstrong to “Cousin”.  Was at home in ill health, on furlough from hospital—2 pages.

 

Item 19

March 20, 1868

Report of grades for BSA from Louisburg (NC) Female College.  Verso lists college regulations—2 pages.

 

Item 20

January 6, 1885

Letter, Wilmington, NC, Sister Bell (Sarah Isabella Armstrong) to BSA—2 pages.

 

Item 21

No date

Letter, fragment, transcript.  EHA to (TJA).  Date and place of origin unknown.  Presumes written in late 1862, EHA writes that he just became a captain—2 pages.

 

Item 22

No date

Typescript of Item 21—2 pages.

 

Item 23

No date

Letter, fragment, EHA to a sister or brother.  Date and place of origin unknown.  Presumes written in late 1863, he mentions Mine Run, VA, in describing preparations for battle—2 pages.

 

Item 24

No date

Typescript of item 23

 

Item 25

No date

Transcript of “Camouflage Against Raiders” extracted from Women of the South in War Times, compiled by Mathew Page Andrews.  Describes the experiences of Rachel Pearsall of Kenansville, Duplin County, NC, whose husband, David Pearsall, was away from home fighting the Confederate Army—9 pages.

 

Item 26

June 1977

Copy of birth, death and marriage dates of Pearsall family from bible owned by Martha Pearsall, Rocky Point, NC.  Inclusive dates:  1812?-1967.  Typescript copy made by Leora Hiatt McEachern, Wilmington, NC—2 pages.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1858-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 3:  1867

 

            This paper is a photocopied typescript of Thomas James Armstrong’s boyhood reminiscences, written in response to a request from his daughter in 1867.  This narrative was transcribed by Stephen C. Pearsall, an Armstrong descendent, in 1977.  The original belongs to Miss Martha Pearsall of Rocky Point, NC, a granddaughter of Thomas James Armstrong.  The narrative consists of 23 pages, plus a page of footnotes by Stephen Pearsall.  Pearsall used Armstrong’s spelling and punctuation, and he notes the original appears to have been torn from a binder or ledger. 

            Thomas James Armstrong was the father of Edward Hall Armstrong, a Confederate soldier, whose letters home during the Civil War are the major portion of the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.  T.J. Armstrong writes that he was born at South Washington, NC on April 21, 1813, of Edward and Mary Sheffield Armstrong.  Edward Armstrong’s parents were John Armstrong and Barbara, who was born in 1766 on a voyage from Ireland to Wilmington, NC.  Mary Sheffield’s parents were Isham and Barbara Boney Sheffield.  Isham Sheffield died a prisoner of war in Smithfield, NC, sometime in the mid-1770s.  In this narrative he lists as brothers, Ed, John, Hugh and Isham, and as sisters, Susan, Julia and Barbara.

            Thomas J. Armstrong writes movingly of the death of his oldest sister, Susan, of a severe financial setback suffered by his parents, and then of his mother’s death on April 21, 1826, followed the next year by his father’s death on October 5, 1827, when he was only 14 years.  This narrative ends with a description of a Negro uprising in September of 1831; he wrote that, locally, it extended from South Washington to Wilmington, though it was considered a general rising all over the South.  At that time he was 18 years old and was clerking for James Chambers in Wilmington. 

            South Washington was laid out in about 1740 as a center of trade for the Welsh Tract and was incorporated as South Washington in 1791.  It was located in north central Pender County on Washington Creek, near its mouth in the Northeast Cape Fear River.  In about 1840, the community moved about 1 ½ miles southwest to a site on the newly completed railroad and became Hiawatha, shortened to Watha.  South Washington no longer exists and for this reason, this narrative is of remarkable historical interest.  Armstrong described South Washington as a “thriving business place” with “merchandise business at Wilmington So Washington and Kenansville under the name and style of Armstrong McIntire and McGowan.”  He mentioned other residents’ names and described where they lived, what they did for recreation, and to whom they sent their children for education.

            This narrative is preserved in File Folder 41, as Addition Number 3 to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.  The original of the narrative is the private and literary property of Miss Martha Pearsall and the Armstrong Family descendants.  Requests for permission to publish, copy, or transcribe this paper should be directed to Miss Pearsall.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 3a

 

            This paper is a photocopy of a notarized statement made by Stephen Carroll Pearsall, certifying that he transcribed the entirety of an original narrative written by Thomas James Armstrong.  The statement was made on March 11, 1978, in Fairfax County, Virginia, before Barbara Ghent, Notary Public. 

            The narrative referred to contains Thomas James Armstrong’s reminiscences of his boyhood in North Carolina, and is described in Accession Number 1, Addition Number 3.  This paper is preserved in File Folder 42, as Addition Number 3a to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 4:  Microfilm

 

            This is a microfilm copy of the Armstrong papers, Accession Register Entry Number 1 and its Additions, 1 and 2.  A description of the film and an errata sheet follow.

            These papers were microfilmed by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  The Southern Historical Collection has the microfilm master.  No copying is allowed without express permission.  Apply to the Special Collections Department for information in acquiring permission to copy.

 

Microfilm Copy Errata

 

            The errors listed below were noted during collation of the microfilm copy of the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.  They are listed in order of occurrence on the microfilm.  For a full description of item numbers, refer to the inventory of the collection.

 

Item 2

Inventory lists as 6 pages.  Microfilm does not show pages 2 or 4, which are the reverse of EHA’s essay and contain an instructor’s criticisms.

 

Item 12

March 26, 1862 letter:  page 1 is shown twice.

Item 28

December 5, 1862 letter:  pages 2 and 3 are shown in reverse order.

 

Item 45

Original of July 10, 1863 letter:  pages 5 and 6 are shown in reverse order.

 

Item 48

August 7, 1863 letter:  page 4 is shown as page 2, therefore pages 2 and 3 appear as 3 and 4.

 

Item 56

Original of October 30, 1863 letter from EHA to Pa and to Tommie:  pages are shown out of order.  The letter consists of 10 pages, 9 to Pa and the reverse of 9 (page 10) to Tommie.  EHA signed letter to Pa on page 3, then continued writing below the signature and on more pages, then signed again at the bottom of page 9.  On the reverse of page 9, he wrote a one page latter to Tommie, this being page 10.  The microfilm shows page 10 (Tommie’s letter) first, then page 9 of the letter to Pa.  Then pages 5 through 8 are shown, then pages 1 through 4.

 

Item 57

Typescript of Item 56 (October 30, 1863 letter), precedes the original on the microfilm, rather than follows it.

 

Item 63

(1863) letter fragment, is shown after Item 58 (November 6, 1863 letter).

 

Item 64

January 3, 1864 letter:  page 2 is shown twice.

 

Item 65

EHA’s photograph is shown out of place.  It appears on the microfilm after Item 53 (September 18, 1863 letter).

 

Item 66

January 11, 1864 letter:  page 2 is shown first, the page 1, then page 2 appears again.

 

Item 69

Is shown out of place.  Receipt from Greensboro Mutual Life Insurance and Trust Company, dated November 1, 1861, is shown on the microfilm after Item 11 (letter dated October 25, 1861).  It belongs, however, after Item 68 (letter dated January 26, 1864), as its enclosure.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

            Edward Hall Armstrong, a Confederate soldier in the Civil War, wrote home frequently and descriptively relating his experiences as a soldier and officer.  These papers consist primarily of his letters home to his family.  Other items are his photograph; his officer commissions; a letter from his body servant, a slave named Mose; and miscellaneous letters and documents, the latter including a receipt for sale of a slave and a receipt for a $1,000.00 Confederate bond.  Letters written to Armstrong are not a part of this collection.  As a separate series, photocopies of public documents relating to Armstrong’s military service, such as requisition forms, pay receipts, rosters of both the 3rd Regiment of NC Volunteers and Infantry, Roll of Honor listings, and company muster rolls, are included.

            Armstrong was born in Wilmington, NC on May (11?), 1841, the oldest child of Martha Ann Wilson and Thomas James Armstrong.  Their other children (in descending order) were named Mary (Mollie), Martha Anne (Monnie), Barbara Susan (Bobbie), Thomas James (Tommie), William Wilson (Willie), Ella and Mary.  Edward’s mother, Martha Ann Wilson Armstrong, was born on September 15, 1820, married Armstrong on October 5, 1835, and died on December 31, 1858.  Thomas J. Armstrong soon remarried.  By his second wife, Martha (Mattie) Freeman Armstrong, his children were Sarah Isabella (Bell), William and Sammy.  His third wife was Mrs. Hulda Moore Armstrong, a childless widow, by whom he had no children.  His fourth wife was Alice Bordeaux Armstrong with whom he had one child, Richard James Armstrong.  These names of Thomas James Armstrong’s wives and children were provided by his granddaughter—Barbara Susan Armstrong Pearsall’s daughter, Martha Pearsall of Rocky Mount, NC. 

            According to Mrs. Pearsall, the Thomas J. Armstrong family moved from Wilmington to Swan’s Point, NC, when Monnie was born.  During the Civil War, Thomas J. Armstrong had a salt business in Wilmington, however, the family continued living at Swan’s Point.  

Edward studied at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1858 to 1861. During the war, his letters home reveal that his sisters, Mollie, Monnie and Bobbie, studied at Greensboro (NC) Female College and he urged his father to hire a tutor for Tommie and Willie.

Edward had two cousins named Thomas Armstrong, which gives rise to confusion in these letters.  One was the son of Edward Armstrong of Hallsville, NC, and the brother of Nicholas (Nick) Armstrong.  Thomas and Nick were both Confederate soldiers and both survived the war.

The other cousin was Thomas E. Armstrong, son of Isham Armstrong of Ashton, NC.  He was married to Annie Jane Bordeaux.  This Thomas Armstrong was promoted to Captain (of Company K, Third Regiment, NC State Troops) at about the same time Edward received his captain’s commission.  He and Edward both fought at Chancellorsville, VA, where Thomas was killed.  Edward saw to his removal from the battlefield and his burial.

 

            Edward H. Armstrong participated in some of the decisive battles of the Civil War, saw action, and buried many comrades.  His letters describe field events, such as marching for hours only to return to the original position and standing picket in the rain without cover, or in the snow without fire, shoes or a blanket.  He depicts the fortunes and misfortunes of the South through battles won and conditions deteriorating.  Although seeing the inevitable end, he continued to stand firm for Southern independence, even while admitting he had “no desire to see any more bloodshed.”  He was engaged in, and his letters describe from his viewpoint, the Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam), the Sevens Days’ Battles, The Battle of Gettysburg, and the Battle of Spotsylvania.

Edward was wounded in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, VA, on May 12, 1864, and died on June 7, 1864.  His body was brought home to Swan’s Point.[10]

            In the first series are several photocopies of letters written by Edward Hall Armstrong.  Copyright of all papers indicated as photocopies in this series is his niece, Miss Martha Pearsall, of Rocky Point, NC, who loaned her papers to the William Madison Randall Library of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, for study photoduplication in June of 1977.  Some of these items are photocopies of handwritten transcripts of the originals, copied by Miss Pearsall and her family.

            The original letters and documents in the first series are preserved in the Helen Hagan Rare Book Room of the Randall Library.  These papers are available to serious researchers.  Their copyright is in the William Madison Randall Library, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.  Use of the papers for proposed publication must be approved beforehand by the Director of Library Services.

            The second series consists of photocopies of public documents relating to Armstrong’s military service, copies of which are available from the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

            An itemized inventory precedes the documents.  This work was compiled under the direction of David Ronald Johnson, Librarian-in-Charge of Special Collections at the Randall Library.

 

Judith H. Davis

August 18, 1977

 

Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885

 

Inventory

 

Series I

 

Item, Date, Description

 

Item 1

1859

Receipt for slave purchase

 

Item 2

No date

Corrected essay written by Edward Hall Armstrong (EHA), 6 pages

 

Item 3

November 10, 1860

Letter, Chapel Hill, NC, EHA to his stepmother, Martha Freeman Armstrong (MFA), at Rocky Point, NC, handwritten transcript, photocopied, 3 pages

 

Item 4

April 16, 1861

Letter, Chapel Hill, NC, EHA to his father, Thomas J. Armstrong (TJA), at Rocky Point, NC, 4 pages

 

Item 5

April 18, 1861

Letter, Chapel Hill, NC, EHA to TJA, 8 pages

 

Item 6

April 18, 1861

Typescript of item 5, 5 pages

 

Item 7

July 9, 1861

Letter, Yorktown, VA, EHA to TJA, handwritten transcript, photocopied, 2 pages

 

Item 8

September 8, 1861

Letter, Camp Fayetteville, VA, EHA to MFA, 2 pages

 

Item 9

October 2, 1861

Letter, Camp Fayetteville, VA, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 10

October 20, 1861

Letter, Camp Rains, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 11

October 25, 1861

Letter, Yorktown, VA, EHA to MFA, 2 pages

 

Item 12

March 26, 1862

Letter, Goldsboro, NC, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 13

May 15, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 14

June 18, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 15

June 29, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 16

July 1, 1862

Letter, Second Lieutenant’s Commission

Item 17

July 6, 1862

Letter, Frazier’s Farm, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 18

August 4, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 19

August 11, 1862

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, handwritten transcript, photocopied, 2 pages

 

Item 20

August 11, 1862

Typescript of item 19, 2 pages

 

Item 21

August 26, 1862

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 22

August 31, 1862

Gainesville, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 23

September 17, 1862

EHA’s Captain Commission

 

Item 24

October 17, 1862

Letter, Winchester, VA, EHA to TJA, 6 pages

 

Item 25

November 8, 1862

Letter, Front Royal, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 26

November 26, 1862

Letter, Gordonsville, VA, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 27

November 26, 1862

Typescript of item 26, 3 pages

 

Item 28

December 5, 1862

Letter, Port Royal, VA, EHA to TJA, photocopy, 6 pages

 

Item 29

December 18, 1862

Letter, Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to TJA, handwritten transcript, photocopied, 3 pages

 

Item 30

January 2, 1863

Letter, Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 31

February 11, 1863

Letter, Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to his sister, Bobbie—Barbara Susan Armstrong (BSA), photocopy, 3 pages

 

Item 32

April 15, 1863

Letter, Port Royal, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 33

April 15, 1863

Typescript of item 32, 2 pages

 

Item 34

(May 3, 1863)

Eulogy of Thomas E. Armstrong (EHA’s cousin)

 

Item 35

May 4, 1863

Letter, Trenches, fragment, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 36

May 9, 1863

Letter, U.S. Ford, VA, EHA to TJA, 6 pages

 

Item 37

May 14, 1863

Letter, U.S. Ford, VA, EHA to his sister, Mollie—Mary Armstrong (MA), photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 38

Typescript of Item 37

 

Item 39

May 26, 1863

Letter, Hamilton’s Crossing, VA, EHA to TJA, photocopy, 4 pages

 

Item 40

June 3, 1863

Letter, Hamilton’s Crossing, VA, EHA to TJA, 8 pages

 

Item 41

June 13, 1863

Letter, Culpepper Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 42

June 19, 1863

Letter, Sharpsburg, MD, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 43

June 29, 1863

Letter, Carlisle, PA, fragment, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 44

June 29, 1863

Typescript of item 43, 2 pages

 

Item 45

July 10, 1863

Letter, Hagerstown, MD, EHA to TJA, 6 pages

 

Item 46

July 10, 1863

Typescript of item 45, 4 pages

 

Item 47

(1863)

Letter, fragment, date (possibly July or August) and place of origin unknown, EHA to (TJA), 3 pages

 

Item 48

August 7, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to BSA, photocopy, 4 pages

 

Item 49

August 17, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 50

August 22, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 6 pages

 

Item 51

September 8, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 52

September 10, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 53

September 18, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to MA, photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 54

September 25, 1863

Letter, Mitchel’s Ford, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 55

October 4, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to MFA, 2 pages

 

Item 56

October 30, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 9 pages, with an additional letter to EHA’s brother, Tommie, 1 page

 

Item 57

October 30, 1863

Typescript of first 9 pages of item 56, 6 pages

 

Item 58

November 6, (1863)

Letter, Camp of (3rd NC Troops), EHA to TJA, laminated, 2 pages

 

Item 59

November 13, 1863

Letter, Orange Court House, VA, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 60

November 27, 1863

Letter, Raleigh, NC, Eli W. Hall to TJA

 

Item 61

December 4, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 62

Letter, M.A. Wright to her uncle, TJA, 2 pages

Item 63

(1863)

Letter, fragment, date and place of origin unknown, EHA to (TJA), laminated, 2 pages

 

Item 64

January 3, 1864

Letter, Thomas E. Armstrong (EHA’s uncle) to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 65

January 11, 1864

Photograph of EHA in Confederate uniform

 

Item 66

January 11, 1864

Letter, Richmond, VA, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 67

January 14, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 68

January 26, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 69

January 26, 1864

Receipt of Greensboro Mutual Life Insurance and Trust Company, dated November 1, 1861, and enclosed with January 26, 1864 letter, laminated

 

Item 70

February 8, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 3 pages

 

Item 71

February 11, 1864

Letter, ‘On Picket’, EHA to TJA

 

Item 72

February 14, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 73

February 28, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 74

March 8, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to MA, photocopy, 3 pages

 

Item 75

March 8, 1864

Typescript of item 74, 2 pages

 

Item 76

March 9, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 77

March 16, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to BSA, photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 78

March 16, 1864

Typescript of Item 77, 2 pages

 

Item 79

March 23, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 5 pages

 

Item 80

March 30, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 4 pages

 

Item 81

March 1864

Receipt for $1,000.00 Confederate Bond issued at Point Cape Fear Office, NC, 2 pages

 

Item 82

April 5, 1864

Letter, Haw River, Alamance County, NC, F.D. Hoover to EHA, 8 pages

 

Item 83

April 8, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 84

April 8, 1864

Typescript of Item 83

 

Item 85

May 8, 1864

Letter, M.A. Anders, on behalf of Mary M. Wooten, to TJA

Item 86

May 14, 1864

Letter, Camp Hospital, Reverend George Patterson notifying TJA of EHA’s wounds, laminated, 2 pages

 

Item 87

May 15, 1864

Dispatch, Richmond, VA, from A.H. Bokkelin, listing EHA wounded, 2 pages

 

Item 88

May 19, 1864

Letter, Swan’s Point, NC, TJA to his daughters, Money (usually spelled Monnie)—Martha Ann Armstrong, and BSA.  Letter includes TJA’s handwritten transcript of dispatch (Item 87), photocopy, 4 pages

 

Item 89

May 19, 1864

Typescript of Item 88, 2 pages

 

Item 90

May 21, 1864

Letter, Hospital, Spotsylvania Court House, VA, EHA’s servant, Mose, to Mose’s mother, laminated, 2 pages

 

Item 91

May 21, 1864

Typescript of Item 90, 2 pages

 

Item 92

May 25, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, Edward Armstrong (EA) (EHA’s uncle) to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 93

May 27, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, EA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 94

May 28, 1864

Letter, Hospital, Spotsylvania Court House, VA, EHA’s last letter to TJA, laminated, 2 pages

 

Item 95

May 28, 1864

Typescript of Item 94

 

Item 96

June 8, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, EA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 97

(1864)

Obituary for EHA, newspaper clipping

 

Item 98

October 1, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, Thomas Armstrong (EA’s son and EHA’s cousin) to “Cousin,”

photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 99

October 11, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd Regiment of NC and Army of Northern Virginia (A.N.V.), W.A. Riggs to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 100

December 28, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, EA to TJA, 2 pages

 

Item 101

January 12, 1865

Letter, Petersburg, VA, Reverend W.H. Moore to TJA, 5 pages

 

Item 102

January 1, 1868

Lease of TJA’s land in New Hanover County to Reubin A. Corbett and A.B. Corbett, 3 pages

 

Item 103

March 20, 1868

Grade Report for BSA from Louisburg (NC) Female College.  Verso lists college regulations, photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 104

January 6, 1885

Letter, Wilmington, NC, Sister Bell (Sarah Isabella Armstrong) to BSA, photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 105

No date

Letter, fragment of handwritten transcript, photocopied, EHA to (TJA), date and place of origin unknown

 

Item 106

No date

Typescript of Item 105, 2 pages

 

Item 107

No date

Letter, fragment, EHA to a brother or sister, date and place of origin unknown, photocopy, 2 pages

 

Item 108

No date

Typescript of item 107

 

Item 109

No date

General instructions for the Picket along the river and other military instructions, laminated, 4 pages

 

Item 110

No date

“ Camouflage against Raiders” extracted from Women of the South in War Times, compiled by Mathew Page Andrews.  Handwritten transcript, photocopied, 9 pages

 

Item 111

No date

Birth, death and marriage dates of the Pearsall family from bible owned by Martha Pearsall, Rocky Point, NC, inclusive dates:  1812?-1967.  Typescript, copied in June 1977, by Leora Hiatt McEachern, 2 pages

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Inventory

 

SERIES II

 

Item, Date, Description

 

Item 1

January-February 1862

Company Muster Roll of 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Infantry (State Troops) (CMR)

 

Item 2

March-April 1862

CMR

 

Item 3

April 30 to July 14, 1862

CMR

 

Item 4

July 1862

Roll of Honor

 

Item 5

July 1862

Register

 

Item 6

July 1862

Roster of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers (RV)

 

Item 7

July 1862

RV

 

Item 8

July 14 to October 31, 1862

CMR

 

Item 9

August 16, 1862

Receipt for payment of $80.00 to EHA

 

Item 10

September 18, 1862

Roll of Honor

 

Item 11

September 18, 1862

Roll of Honor

 

Item 12

November-December 1862

CMR

 

Item 13

December 18, 1862

Quartermaster’s Account Record, giving personal and enlistment information about EHA

 

Item 14

January-February 1863

CMR

 

Item 15

February 28 to May 15, 1863

CMR

Item 16

May 15 to August 11, 1863

CMR

 

Item 17

August 11 to August 31, 1863

CMR

 

Item 18

September-October 1863

CMR

 

Item 19

November-December 1863

CMR

 

Item 20

1863

RV

 

Item 21

February 5, 1864

Requisition (R)

 

Item 22

February 20, 1864

R

 

Item 23

February 25 1864

R

 

Item 24

February 29, 1864

R

 

Item 25

March 31, 1864

R

 

Item 26

December 31, 1863-August 31, 1864

CMR

 

Item 27

January 1865

Roster of the 3rd Regiment of North Carolina Infantry (RI)

 

Item 28

January 1865

RI

 

Item 29

No date

RV

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 5:  1863-1870

 

Description

 

            These papers are photocopies of letter, military forms, and a narrative of boyhood reminiscences written by Thomas J. Armstrong.  The originals belong to Isabel Jewell of Wilmington, NC, who loaned her papers to the William Madison Randall Library of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, for study and photoduplication in December of 1978.

            Two of the letters are written by Mose, Edward Hall Armstrong’s servant.  He wrote to his mother about watching over Edward, who was suffering a fatal wound.  Later in the month he wrote Captain Armstrong’s father, Thomas J. Armstrong, informing him he could not bring Edward’s body home, that he was having difficulty getting back himself, but would return as soon as possible, bringing Edward’s papers with him.  These letters are written in different handwriting, and are both signed Moses, though he was always referred to as Mose in earlier letters.  (See:  Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885, Accession Number 1, and Additions,)

            Mose’s letter clearly states Edward died on June 6, 1864, as does an obituary notice (Item 70 of the first group of Armstrong Family Papers) about Edward.  However, military records, provided in photocopy by the National Archives, Washington, D.C., note the date as June 7, 1864 (Items 28 and 29 of Armstrong Family Papers, Addition Number 1).  Louis H. Manarin’s North Carolina Troops 1861-1865, a Roster[11], lists his date of death as June 7, 1864.  Walter Clark’s Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865[12] mentions Armstrong’s death but does not list a date.  On his tombstone, in a Marlboro graveyard in Pender County, NC, the date is listed June 7, 1864, as noted in Leora H. McEachern’s Gravestone Records.[13]  However, in the St. James Church, Wilmington, North Carolina Historical Records[14] the following data is found:  Date of Burial—April 16, 1866.  Name:  Edward Hale Armstrong, Captain of Company G, 3rd North Carolina Troops, son of Thomas J & Martha Ann Armstrong—wounded Spotsylvania Court House 12 May 1864.  Interment:  Marlboro, New Hanover County.  Age:  10 May 1841—6 June 1864.

            One of the letters is from Munnie to her father, Thomas J. Armstrong, requesting that he write about his childhood.  Though she signed her name as Munnie, her brother, Edward, always referred to her as Monnie in his letters.

            These papers are preserved in File Folders 44 and 45 as Addition Number 5 to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.

            The original letters are the property of Mrs. Isabel Jewell and the Armstrong Family descendants.  Requests for permission to publish, copy, or transcribe these papers should be directed to Mrs. Jewell.

            Each item has been assigned a number.  Following is an inventory.  Names in the inventory are listed as they appear to be spelled in the papers.  Initials only are found in the papers for first names; where possible, the full name was supplied from Manarin’s North Carolina Troops.  Names so supplied are indicated by parentheses.  Items 2 and 3 appear to have the initials J.J. in the name Lieutenant J.J. Metts; however, it is highly probable that would be Lieutenant James Isaac Metts, of the 3rd NC Regiment—the only Metts listed by Manarin.

            For biographical data, the researcher is referred to the preceding descriptive inventories of the Armstrong Family Private Papers.

 

Judith H. Davis

January 1979

 

 

Inventory

 

File, Item, Date, Description

 

File 44, Item 1

December 4, 1863

Letter, Richmond, VA, N(athaniel) S. Owens, Company G, 3rd NC Troops, to Captain Edward H. Armstrong (EHA).  Requests EHA to send Owens a fuller, itemized list of expenses, including clothing expenses.  On verso of original are columns of figures.  2 pages.

 

File 44, Item 2

March 15, 1864

Form letter, J.W. Brewey of Subsistence Bureau, Richmond, VA, to Lieutenant J.(J.) (James Isaac) Metts, A.A.C.S., 3rd NC Regiment.  Envelope has words “Confederate State of America” and “Subsistence Department” on the upper right corner.

 

File 44, Item 3

No date

Paper, perhaps an enclosure of Item 2, lists Mett’s name and forms needed, and at bottom are initials J.W.B.

 

File 44, Item 4

April 23, 1864

Notification form, Small Pox Hospital, Lynchburg, VA, signed by (Captain R.) Kemper announcing that Sergeant L(ewis) A. Avery, Company G, 3rd NC Regiment, Stewart’s Brigade, was furloughed by Board of Examiners for 60 days to Catherine’s Lake, Onslow County, NC.  On verso, columns of figures, entitled Killed, Wounded.  2 pages.

 

File 44, Item 5

June 5, 1864

Letter, 2nd Corps Hospital near Spotsylvania Court House, VA, from Mose to his mother.  Writes about EHA’s wound and expected death.  2 pages.

 

File 44, Item 6

June 5, 1864

Typescript of Item 5

 

File 44, Item 7

June 29, 1864

Letter, Farmville, VA, Moses (Mose) to Thomas J. Armstrong (TJA).  Tells him details of EHA’s wound, death and burial.  Mose was unable to take EHA’s body home and was having difficulty getting home himself.  Handwriting in this letter is quite different from the June 5, 1864 letter—Item 5.

 

File 44, Item 8

March 21, 1867

Letter, Bogue Swamp, NC, Munnie (Monnie) to her father, TJA, requesting that he write a sketch of his life and send it to her.

 

File 44a, Item 9a

November 9, 1870

Letter, Swan’s Point, NC, TJA to his son, Tommie.  2 pages.

 

File 44b, Item 9b

November 9, 1870

Typescript of Item 9a.  2 pages.

 

File 45, Item 10

No date

Narrative written by TJA of boyhood reminiscences.  (Typescript of this item is in File Folder 41 of Manuscript Box 1.)  47 pages.

 

File 45, Item 11

No date

Two lists of items and events concerning EHA.

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 6:  1867-1870

 

            This addition consists of three original items—two letters and a narrative Thomas J. Armstrong wrote about his boyhood.  Photocopies of each of these items are described in Addition Number 6, Items 8-10.  In 1977 Stephen C. Pearsall, an Armstrong descendant, transcribed Thomas J. Armstrong’s boyhood reminiscences.  Addition Number 3 is a photocopy of that transcription.  That addition’s description fully explains the narrative’s contents.  Accession Number 1 and its Additions 2 and 4 provide biographical data on Armstrong family members.

            The first letter in this group, dated March 21, 1867, is from Munnie, at Bogue Swamp, NC, to Pa, in which she requests him to write a sketch of his life.  The other letter, dated November 30, 1870, is from T.J. Armstrong (Pa), Swan’s Point, NC, to his son, Tommie.

            The original papers were donated by Mrs. Isabelle Jewell on October 4, 1979.  These are preserved in File Folder 46, as addition Number 6 to the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885.

 

Judith H. Davis

October 16, 1979

 

 

ARMSTRONG FAMILY PRIVATE PAPERS, 1859-1885

 

Accession Number 1, Addition Number 7

 

            This is a group of letters, most of which were written by Edward Hall Armstrong during his service with the 3rd North Carolina Troops during the Civil War.  An inventory listing each item follows.

            These papers were donated by Mrs. Isabelle Jewell, of Wilmington, on December 21, 1984.  They are preserved in File Folder 47, as Addition Number 7 of the Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885,

 

Sue Hiatt

June 25, 1985

 

Inventory

 

Item, Date, Description

 

Item 1

November 2, 1860

Letter, Edward Hall Armstrong (EHA) to his sister—Mollie—Mary Armstrong (MA), 1 page.

 

Item 2

December 5, 1862

Letter, (Bivouac) near Port-Royal, VA, EHA to his father, Thomas J. Armstrong (TJA), 6 pages.

 

Item 3

February 11, 1863

Letter, (Bivouac) near Fredericksburg, VA, EHA to his sister Bobbie—Barbara Susan Armstrong (BSA), 3 pages.

 

Item 4

May 16, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops near W.S. Ford, EHA to MA, 2 pages.

 

Item 5

May 26, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops near Orange Court House, VA, EHA to BSA, 4 pages.

 

Item 6

August 7, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops near Orange Court House, VA, EHA to BSA, 4 pages.

 

Item 7

September 8, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to MA, 4 pages.

 

Item 8

September 18, 1863

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops near Orange Court House, VA, EHA to MA, 2 pages.

 

Item 9

January 24, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to MA, 4 pages.

 

Item 10

March 8, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to MA, 3 pages.

 

Item 11

March 16, 1864

Letter, Camp of 3rd NC Troops, EHA to BSA, 2 pages.

 

Item 12

May 19, 1864

Letter, Swan’s Point, NC, TJA to (Money and Dollie); 4 pages.

 

Item 13

June 7, 1864

Letter, (Lidd) Hospital near Richmond, VA, A. Hill Patterson (AHP) to TJA, informing TJA of EHA’s health, torn at center fold, 2 pages.

 

Item 14

September 7, 1864

Letter, Camp at Half Way House (R & P Turnhill), AHP to TJA, asking for information concerning EHA, 1 page.

 

Item 15

October 1, 1864

Letter, Hallsville, NC, Thomas (?) to a cousin, 2 pages.

 

Item 16

December 26, 1865

Letter, Louisville, KY, AHP to TJA, 1 page.

 

Item 17

March 20, 1868

Progress report from Louisburg Female College for BSA, addressed to TJA, 2 pages.

 

Item 18

January 6, 1885

Letter, Wilmington, NC, Bell to her sister BSA, 2 pages.

 

Item 19

No date

Letter, EHA to sister, discusses a battle, fragment.

 

  

Addition 8, Accession 1, folder # 48

Transcription of narrative of Armstrong Family by Thomas James Armstrong, transcribed by Stephen Carroll Pearsall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] Date uncertain, deduced from Edward Hall Armstrong’s obituary and military service records:  Armstrong Family Private Papers, 1859-1885 (Accession No. 1) and The Military Service Records of Edward Hall Armstrong, 1862-1865 (Armstrong Addition No. 1), Manuscript Collection, William Madison Randall Library, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

[2] Broughton, Carrie L.  Marriage and Death Notices in Raleigh Register and North Carolina State Gazette, 1826-1865.  Baltimore, MD:  Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968.  127.

[3] McEachern, Leora Hiatt.  Pender County, North Carolina, Gravestone Records.  Wilmington, NC, 9 Volumes, 1971.  Volume 3, 29.

[4] This biographical sketch is based on interviews with Miss Martha Pearsall by the writer, Judith H. Davis, on June 7 and July 8, 1977, except when noted otherwise.

[5] Grant, David Lindsey, Alumni History of the University of North Carolina, 2nd edition, Durham, NC:  Printed by Christian and King Printing Company, 1924.  18.

[6] Private Papers of Thomas J. Armstrong, 1859-1868.  Accession No. 1, Manuscript Collection, William Madison Randall Library, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

[7] Manarin, Louis H., Compiler North Carolina Troops 1861-1865, a Roster, Volume III, Infantry.  Raleigh, NC:  State Department of Archives and History, 1971.  589.

[8] McEachern, Leora Hiatt, Pender County, North Carolina, Gravestone Records.  Wilmington, NC, Volume 3, 29-30.

[9] For location of his grave, see McEachern, Volume 3, 29-30.

[10] For location of his grave, see McEachern, Volume 3, 29-30.

[11] Manarin, Louis H., Compiler North Carolina Troops 1861-1865, a Roster, Volume III, Infantry.  Raleigh, NC:  State Department of Archives and History, 1971.  554.

[12] Clark, Walter, Editor, Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-1865.  Written by members of the respective commands.  5 volumes.  Raleigh, NC:  State of North Carolina, 1901.

[13]McEachern, Leora Hiatt, compiler.  Pender County, North Carolina, Gravestone Records.  Wilmington, NC, 9 Volumes, 1971.  Volume 3, 30.

 

[14] Mathews, Lula W., Leora H. McEachern and Curry K. Walker, compliers.  St James Church, Wilmington, North Carolina:  Historical Records, 1737-, Volume II, 1852-1872.  Wilmington, NC, 1976, 83.